Close Window

Lewis : cruentus

cruentus, crŭentus, a, um, adj. cruor, spotted, covered, or stained with blood, bloody. Prop. (freq. and class.): cruentus sanguine civium Romanorum, Cic. Phil. 4, 2, 4; cf.: sanguine fraterno, Hor. S. 2, 5, 15: caede filii, Just. 38, 8, 4: cadaver Clodii, Cic. Mil. 13, 33: vehiculum, Liv. 1, 48, 8: gladius, Quint. 4, 2, 13; 6, 1, 30: praetexta C. Caesaris, id. ib. § 31: vestis, id. 5, 9, 1: busta, Prop. 2, 13 (3, 5), 38: sputa, id. 4 (5), 5, 68 et saep.: victoria, Sall. C. 58, 21: pax, Tac. A. 1, 10: iter, id. H. 1, 6: epistulae, id. A. 3, 44: aspectu Oceanus, id. ib. 14, 32 et saep.: gaudens Bellona cruentis, in shedding blood, Hor. S. 2, 3, 223.—Comp.: vomica, Cels. 2, 8.

Transf. Delighting in blood, blood-thirsty, cruel (poet.): Mars, Hor. C. 2, 14, 13: hostis, id. ib. 1, 2, 39; Sen. Cons. Marc. 20, 3: ille (Achilles) ferox belloque cruentior ipso, Ov. M. 12, 592.

Of abstract subjects, bloody, cruel: ira, Hor. C. 3, 2, 11: bella, Just. 29, 3, 3.—Comp.: bellum, Vell. 2, 71, 2.—Sup.: ille cruentissimus Romano nomine dies, Vell. 2, 52, 2.

Spotted or stained with blood, polluted: insigne summi capitis, * Lucr. 5, 1137.

Bloodred, red: myrta, the red myrtle-berry, Verg. G. 1, 306.—Advv. crŭentē (post-Aug.), cruelly, severely, Just. 39, 3, 8; 23, 2, 7.

Comp., Sen. Ben. 5, 16, 5; Vop. Aur. 21.

Sup., Oros. 1, 17.—* crŭenter, the same, App. M. 3, p. 73.