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Lewis : cupidus

cupidus, cŭpĭdus, a, um, adj. cupio, longing, desiring, desirous, eager, in a good and bad sense, wishing, loving, fond, etc. (very freq. and class.); constr. with gen., abl., inf., in, or absol. In a good sense. Of persons. With gen.: ejus videndi cupidus, Ter. Hec. 3, 3, 12; so, huc redeundi, abeundi a milite, Vosque hic videndi, id. ib. 1, 2, 16: redeundi domum, id. ib. 3, 1, 3: bellandi, Caes. B. G. 1, 2: te audiendi, Cic. de Or. 2, 4, 16: valde spectandi, id. ib. 1, 35, 162: satis faciendi rei publicae, Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 18, 1 et saep.: vitae, Lucr. 6, 1238; Cic. Fam. 14, 4, 1: mortis, Hor. S. 2, 2, 98: liberorum, Quint. 4, 2, 42: sententiarum, id. 5, 13, 31: pacis, Hor. S. 2, 1, 44 et saep.—Comp.: contentionis quam veritatis, Cic. de Or. 1, 11, 47.—Sup.: litterarum, Nep. Cato, 3, 1: nostri, Cic. de Or. 1, 22, 104.

With inf.: attingere, Prop. 1, 19, 9: moriri, Ov. M. 14, 215.—* With in and abl.: cupidus in perspiciendā cognoscendāque rerum naturā, Cic. Off. 1, 43, 154.

Absol.: si quicquam cupido optantique obtigit, Cat. 107, 1: cupidum vires Deficiunt, Hor. S. 2, 1, 12.

Of things: equorum Vis cupida, Lucr. 2, 265.

In a bad sense, passionately desiring or longing for, eager, greedy, lustful, passionate. In gen. Of persons. With gen.: auri, Plaut. Poen. 1, 1, 51; cf. pecuniae, Cic. Verr. 1, 3, 8: damni, Plaut. Ps. 4, 7, 34: vini, id. ib. 1, 2, 50 (not vino, v. Ritschl ad h. l.): rerum novarum, imperii, Caes. B. G. 5, 6; cf.: rerum novarum, id. ib. 1, 18: cujuscumque motūs novi, Tac. H. 1, 80; and: nullius rei nisi imperii, Nep. Reg. 2, 2: laedendi, Quint. 5, 7, 16: maledicendi, id. 6, 2, 16 et saep.

Absol.: cupidos moderatis anteferre, Cic. Font. 14, 32 (10, 22): non esse mirandum, qui in illā re turpis aut cupidus aut petulans fuerit, hāc quoque in re eum deliquisse, id. Inv. 2, 10, 33: emit homo cupidus (for which, just before, cupiditate incensus), eager to purchase, id. Off. 3, 14, 59: stultus cupidusque, Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 24: cupidusque et amata relinquere pernix, id. A. P. 165 al.

Of things: cor, Lucr. 4, 1138; Prop. 1, 8, 29; Hor. C. 3, 14, 26 al.

In partic. Longing from love, pining, languishing for, loving. Of persons: neu me cupidum eo (sc. ad uxorem ducendam) impulisset, Ter. Phorm. 1, 3, 6: maritus, Cat. 64, 375; Tib. 1, 8, 74; Ov. M. 4, 679: cupidi nomen amantis habe, id. H. 3, 26.

Of things: simul ac cupidae mentis satiata libido est, Cat. 64, 147; Ov. M. 11, 63; id. Am. 3, 7, 9 al.

Desirous of money, avaricious, covetous, Quint. 11, 1, 88: multitudo cupidorum hominum, Cic. Imp. Pomp. 22, 64: homo castus ac non cupidus, id. Sest. 43, 93; Vitr. 1, 1, 7; so in sup., Suet. Vesp. 16.

Devoted to a party, favoring any one, partial: quaestores vehementer (Verris), Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 4, § 12: cupidi et irati et conjurati testes, id. Font. 10, 21 (6, 11): judices (with infesti, invidentes), Tac. Or. 31; cf. comp.: judex, Cic. Caecin. 3, 8; and auctor, id. Clu. 24, 66.—Hence, cŭ-pĭdē, adv., eagerly, in a good and bad sense, zealously, passionately, vehemently, ardently, warmly, partially, etc. (freq. and class.), Plaut. Stich. 2, 1, 11; Ter. Ad. 2, 2, 1; Cic. Att. 6, 3, 3; id. Rosc. Am. 18, 50; id. Phil. 2, 21, 52; Nep. Arist. 1, 4; Quint. 1, 3, 13; Cat. 63, 2; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 100 et saep.—Comp., Caes. B. G. 1, 15; 5, 15; Liv. 3, 32, 3 al.

Sup., Caes. B. G. 1, 40; id. B. C. 2, 20; Sall. C. 40, 4 al.