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Lewis : decoquo

decoquo, dēcŏquo, xi, ctum, 3, v. a. To boil away, boil down, diminish by boiling. Lit.: usque quo ad tertiam partem decoxeris, Varr. R. R. 1, 2, 26; so acetum ad quartas, ad tertias, Col. 12, 34; Plin. 22, 25, 69, § 140: in dimidiam partem, Col. 12, 24, 1: aquam, id. 12, 26: pars quarta (argenti) decocta erat, had melted away, passed off into dross, Liv. 32, 2.

Trop. With acc., to diminish, repress, consume, waste: multum inde decoquent anni, Quint. 2, 4, 7; Plin. 21, 6, 17, § 31: accensam sed qui bene decoquat iram, Claud. in Eutrop. 2, 349.—Poet., with a personal object: hic campo indulget, hunc alea decoquit, Pers. 5, 57.

Absol. Of personal subjects, to run through the property of one's self or others; to become a bankrupt: tenesne memoria, praetextatum te decoxisse? Cic. Phil. 2, 18: qui primus hoc cognomen acceperit decoxit creditoribus suis, Plin. 33, 10, 47, § 133.

To waste away, become impaired, decline: res ipsa jam domino decoxit, Col. 11, 1, 28: quibus (annis) inertiā Caesarum (imperium) quasi decoxit, Flor. 1, Prooem. 8: templorum vectigalia cotidie decoquunt, Tert. adv. Gent. 42: spero non tibi decoquet ornithon, Varr. R. R. 3, 2, 16. To boil, cook. Lit.: axungiam fictili novo, Plin. 28, 9, 37, § 138: cyathum aceti in calice novo, id. 32, 7, 25, § 78: lentem in vino, id. 22, 25, 77, § 147: rapa aqua, id. 18, 13, 34, § 126: olus, * Hor. S. 2, 1, 74 et saep.—Hence, Part. perf. subst. dēcocta, ae, f. (sc. aqua), an icy-cold decoction, invented by Nero as a drink, Suet. Ner. 48; Juv. 5, 50; cf. Plin. 31, 3, 23, § 39. With aqua, Mart. 14, 116.

dē-coctum, i, n., a medicinal drink, potion, Plin. 22, 20, 23, § 49; 27, 12, 84, § 108 al.

Transf., pass. (acc. to coquo, no. I. b.), to ripen, dry, Plin. 17, 24, 37, § 226; Pall. 1, 34, 7.

To concoct, fabricate, invent: consilia nefarii facinoris, Decl. M. Posc. Latr.

Trop.: suavitatem habeat orator austeram et solidam, non dulcem et decoctam, a severe and solid, not a luscious and mellow sweetness (the fig. being taken from wine), Cic. de Or. 3, 26, 104.—Hence, dēcoctĭus, adj. comp. (cf. no. II. B. 2.), riper, of composition; more carefully elaborated: aspice et haec, si forte aliquid decoctius audis, Pers. 1, 125.