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Lewis : detraho

detraho, dētrăho, xi, ctum, 3 (inf. perf. sync. detraxe, Plaut. Trin. 3, 3, 15), v. a., to draw or take off, draw away, draw or take down; to pull down; to take away, remove, withdraw (class. and very freq.). Lit. In gen. With acc. and de or ex with abl.: crumenam sibi de collo, Plaut. Truc. 3, 1, 7: anulum de digito, Ter. Heaut. 4, 1, 38: aliquem de curru, Cic. Cael. 14 fin. et saep.: aliquem ex cruce, Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 2, 2, § 6; so, stramenta e mulis, Caes. B. G. 7, 45, 2: homines ex provinciis, Cic. Prov. Cons. 1; cf.: inimicum ex Gallia, id. ib. 8, 19: Hannibalem ex Italia, Liv. 29, 20; aliquem pedibus e tribunali, Suet. Rhet. 6 et saep.

With acc. and dat.: nudo vestimenta detrahere me jubes, Plaut. As. 1, 1, 79: alicui anulum, Ter. Hec. 5, 3, 31: vestem alicui, id. Eun. 4, 4, 40: amiculum alicui, Cic. N. D. 3, 34, 83: torquem alicui, id. Fin. 1, 7, 23: loricam alicui, Verg. A. 5, 260 et saep.: tegumenta scutis, Caes. B. G. 2, 21, 5: frenos equis, Liv. 4, 33 et saep.: virum equo, Liv. 22, 47; cf.: aliquem in transvehendo, Suet. Aug. 38. With acc. alone: vestimenta, Cato ap. Gell. 10, 3, 17: veste detracta, Cic. Brut. 75, 262: soccos detrahunt (servi), Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 72: detractis insignibus imperatoris, Caes. B. C. 3, 96, 3: vestem, Cic. Brut. 75, 262; statuas, Just. 38, 8, 12.

With ad, in, or trans: castella trans Euphraten, Tac. A. 15, 17 et saep.: aliquem in judicium, Cic. Mil. 8, 38; cf.: aliquem ad accusationem, id. Clu. 68, 179: aliquem ad aequum certamen, Liv. 22, 13: tauros ad terram cornibus, Suet. Claud. 21; cf.: naves ad terram, Auct. B. Alex. 10 fin.: dominationem in carcerem et catenas, Flor. 1, 24, 3.

In partic. In medic. lang., to purge, Cels. 2, 10 fin.; Plin. 27, 7, 28, § 48 et saep.

With the accessory idea of depriving or diminishing, to remove, withdraw, take away a thing from any one; to draw off, remove, take away from any thing. With acc. and de or ex with abl.: multa de suis commodis, Cic. Lael. 16, 57: aliquid de summa, Lucr. 3, 513; cf. Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 78, § 181: aliquid ex ea summa, id. Att. 10, 5; and: nihil de vivo, id. Fl. 37: ex tertia acie singulas cohortes, Caes. B. C. 3, 89, 3; cf.: detractis cohortibus duabus, id. B. G. 3, 2, 3.

With acc. and dat.: cum ei eidem detraxisset Armeniam, Cic. Div. 2, 37 fin.: scuto militi detracto, Caes. B. G. 2, 25: coronam capiti, Liv. 38, 47; cf. Hor. S. 1, 10, 48: auxilia illi, Caes. B. G. 6, 5, 5: fasces indigno (opp. deferre), Hor. Ep. 1, 16, 34 et saep.: pellem hostiae, to flay, Vulg. Levit. 1, 6.

With acc. and ab with abl.: aliquid ab homine, Cic. Off. 3, 6, 30.

Trop. In gen., to pull down, to lower (very rarely): regum majestatem ab summo fastigio ad medium, Liv. 37, 45, 18: superbiam, Vulg. Isa. 23, 9.—Far more freq., In partic. (acc. to no. I. B. 2.), to withdraw, take away, take; to lower in estimation, disparage, detract from. With de or ex: detractis de homine sensibus, Cic. Fin. 1, 9, 30; cf.: quicquam de nostra benevolentia, id. Fam. 5, 2 fin.: tantum sibi de facultate, id. Brut. 70 fin.; cf.: studiose de absentibus detrahendi causa, severe dicitur, id. Off. 1, 37, 134: de ipso, qui scripsit, detrahi nihil volo, Cic. Pis. 29, 71: aliquid de aliquo, Caecin. ap. Cic. Fam. 6, 7: de hoc senatu detrahere, Cic. Rab. Perd. 7, 20; so, de aliquo, id. Att. 11, 11 fin.; Nep. Chabr. 3, 3: de se, Cic. Ac. 2, 5, 15; cf.: de rebus gestis alicujus, Nep. Timol. 5, 3: quantum detraxit ex studio, tantum amisit ex gloria, Cic. Brut. 67, 236; cf. id. Div. ap. Caecil. 15, 49; id. Fam. 1, 5, a.

With dat.: nihil tibi detraxit senatus nisi, etc. (opp. dare), id. ib. 1, 5, b; cf. opp. concedere, id. de Or. 2, 71; Quint. 11, 1, 71: honorem debitum ordini, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 11: illam opinionem maerenti, id. Tusc. 3, 31, 76: auctoritatem Cottae, Quint. 6, 5, 10: fidem sibi, id. 2, 17, 15; 5, 7, 4 al.: errorem animis, Ov. M. 2, 39: multum alicui, Nep. Eum. 1, 2: regi, Vulg. Eccles. 10, 20.

Absol.: aliquid dicere detrahendae spoliandaeque dignitatis alicujus gratia, Cic. Cael. 2 et saep.: laudis simulatione detrahitur, Quint. 8, 6, 55; id. 12, 9, 7.

To withhold: ususfructus in mancipanda proprietate detrahi potest, Gai. Inst. 2, 33.