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Lewis : diverto

diverto dīverto (vorto), ti, sum, 3, v. n., to turn or go different ways, to part, separate, turn aside (in the verb. finit. rare; not in the class. per.). Lit. To turn out of the way; hence, of travellers, to stop, lodge, sojourn: qui divertebat in proximo, Amm. 14, 7, 15: in cenaculum, Vulg. 4 Reg. 4, 11: ad hominem peccatorem, to visit, id. Luc. 19, 7 al.

Of a married woman, to leave her husband: (uxor) sive diverterit, sive nupta est adhuc, Dig. 9, 2, 27, § 30; cf. so of divorce: si uxor a legato diverterit, ib. 5, 1, 42: nullis matrimoniis divertentibus, Gell. 4, 3. V. also divortium.

Trop., to deviate from each other, to differ: divortunt mores virgini longe ac lupae, Plaut. Ep. 3, 3, 22.—Hence, dīversus (-vorsus), a, um, P. a., turned different ways. Set over against each other, opposite, contrary (freq. and class.; cf.: adversus, contrarius). Lit.: in diversum iter equi concitati, Liv. 1, 28: fenestrae, opposite each other, Prop. 1, 3, 31; cf. ripa, Sil. 1, 264 Drak.: iter a proposito diversum, Caes. B. C. 1, 69, 1; cf.: diverso ab ea regione itinere, id. ib. 3, 41, 4: diversis ab flumine regionibus, id. B. G. 6, 25, 3: diversam aciem constituit, id. B. C. 1, 40, 5: duo cinguli maxime inter se diversi, i. e. the two polar circles, Cic. Rep. 6, 20 (13): diversum ad mare dejectus, Tac. A. 2, 60; cf.: procurrentibus in diversa terris, id. Agr. 11: in diversum flectere, Plin. 11, 45, 101, § 248: binas per diversum coassationes substernere, cross-wise, Plin. 36, 25, 62, § 186.

Trop. In gen., different, diverse, opposite, contrary, conflicting (cf.: varius, differens, discrepans, multiplex): monstrum ex contrariis diversisque inter se pugnantibus naturae studiis cupiditatibusque conflatum, Cic. Cael. 5 fin.; cf.: quis non diversa praesentibus contrariaque expectatis aut speret aut timeat? Vell. 2, 75, 2: pessuma ac divorsa inter se mala, luxuria atque avaritia, Sall. C. 5, 8; cf. Liv. 34, 4.—In the sup.: ne illi falsi sunt, qui diversissimas res pariter exspectant, ignaviae voluptatem et praemia virtutis, Sall. J. 85, 20: diversa sibi ambo consilia capiunt, Caes. B. C. 3, 30, 1: est huic diversum vitio vitium prope majus, Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 5; cf. Vell. 2, 80, 2: initio reges diversi pars ingenium, alii corpus exercebant, pursuing opposite courses, Sall. C. 2, 1: diversi imperatoribus (sc. Scipioni et Mummio) mores, diversa fuerunt studia, Vell. 1, 13, 3: dividere bona diversis, Hor. S. 1, 3, 114; cf. id. ib. 1, 1, 3; Vell. 2, 60 fin. et saep.—Of conflicting passions: Pentheum diripuisse aiunt Bacchas; nugas fuisse credo, prae quo pacto ego divorsus distrahor, Plaut. Merc. 2, 4, 2.

Comp.: divorsius, Lucr. 3, 803.

In partic. (like contrarius, II. 2.), inimically opposed, of hostile or opposite opinions, unfriendly, hostile: certa igitur cum illo, qui a te totus diversus est, Cic. Ac. 2, 32: regio ab se diversa, Liv. 32, 38: diversos iterum conjungere amantes, Prop. 1, 10, 15: acies, Tac. A. 13, 57; 14, 30: factio, Suet. Caes. 20; id. Tib. 3 fin.; cf. partes, id. Caes. 1: diversae partis advocatus, opposite, id. Gramm. 4: diversi ordiuntur, etc., Tac. A. 2, 10: subsellia, of the opponents, Quint. 11, 3, 133; cf. Tac. Or. 34: minuere invidiam aut in diversum eam transferre, Quint. 11, 1, 64: defectio Tarentinorum utrum priore anno an hoc facta sit, in diversum auctores trahunt, are not agreed, Liv. 25, 11 fin.; cf.: nullo in diversum auctore, Tac. A. 12, 69: consistentis ex diverso patroni, on the opposite side, Quint. 4, 1, 42: ex diverso, id. 5, 11, 43; Tac. A. 13, 40; id. H. 4, 16 et saep.; also: e diverso, Plin. 4, 4, 5, § 9; Just. 30, 4, 6; the latter in Sueton, and the elder Pliny, i. q. contra, on the contrary: sunt qui putent, etc. ... Alii e diverso, etc., Suet. Caes. 86; cf. id. Aug. 27; id. Dom. 9; Plin. 2, 50, 51, § 135; 5, 9, 10, § 56 al.; cf. Sillig. ad Plin. 14, 2, 4, § 35; Gai. Inst. 2, 16. In different directions, apart, separate (so most freq. in all periods and kinds of writing). Lit.: dispennite hominem divorsum et distennite, spread out in opposite directions, i. e. his limbs, Plaut. Mil. 5, 14: diversae state, id. Truc. 4, 3, 14; cf.: diversi pugnabant, separately, Caes. B. C. 1, 58, 4; so, jam antea diversi audistis, Sall. C. 20, 5; and: sive juncti unum premant, sive id diversi gerant bellum, Liv. 10, 25: diversi dissipatique in omnes partes fugere, Caes. B. G. 2, 24, 4; cf.: ex diversa fuga in unum collecti, Liv. 42, 8: age diversos et disice corpora ponto, Verg. A. 1, 70: diversi consules discedunt, Liv. 10, 33, 10; 22, 56; Nep. Dat. 11, 3 al.; cf.: quo diversus abis? away, Verg. A. 5, 166; 11, 855: qui (portus) cum diversos inter se aditus habeant, in exitu conjunguntur et confluunt, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 52 fin.; cf. id. Agr. 2, 32, 87; Liv. 40, 22: in locis disjunctissimis maximeque diversis, very widely separated, Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 4; so, loca, id. ib. 16; Caes. B. G. 2, 22, 1 et saep.—Cf. in the sup.: diversissimis locis subeundo ad moenia, Liv. 4, 22: itinera, Caes. B. G. 7, 16 fin.; id. B. C. 3, 67, 2: proelium, fought in different places, Hirt. B. G. 8, 19, 2 et saep.: sunt ea innumerabilia, quae a diversis emebantur, by various people, individuals (as an indefinite term for persons), Cic. Phil. 2, 37. —Poet., i. q. remotus, remote, far-distant: Aesar, i. e. flowing in another, remote country, Ov. M. 15, 23; cf. Verg. A. 3, 4; 11, 261; 12, 621; 708: diverso terrarum distineri, distance apart, remoteness, Tac. A. 3, 59.

Trop. Different, unlike, dissimilar: varia et diversa genera et bellorum et hostium, Cic. de Imp. Pomp. 10 fin.; cf.: variae et diversae et diffusae disputationes, id. de Or. 3, 16, 61; 1, 61 fin.: diversa ac dissimilis pars, id. Inv. 1, 23, 33; cf.: diversa studia in dissimili ratione, id. Cat. 2, 5: flumina diversa locis, Verg. G. 4, 367; so Ov. M. 1, 40: oris habitu simili aut diverso, Quint. 9, 3, 34 al.: ut par ingenio, ita morum diversus, Tac. A. 14, 19: a proposita ratione diversum, Cic. Brut. 90; cf.: ab his longe diversae litterae, Sall. C. 34 fin.; Quint. 4, 1, 9; cf. also id. 2, 10, 7: huic diversa sententia eorum fuit, id. 3, 6, 32. —Cf. so with dat., Quint. 2, 3, 10; 3, 10, 3 et saep.—With gen.: diversa omnium, quae umquam accidere, civilium armorum facies, Tac. A. 1, 49: diversa in hac ac supradicta alite quaedam, Plin. 10, 12, 15, § 32: eruca diversae est, quam lactuca, naturae, id. 19, 8, 44, § 154.

Divided, fluctuating, hesitating, inconsistent: metu ac libidine divorsus agebatur, Sall. J. 25, 6: qui diversus animi modo numen pavescere, modo, etc., Tac. H. 4, 84: diversi fremat inconstantia vulgi, Tib. 4, 1, 45.—Adv.: dī-verse or dīvorse (acc. to II.), different ways, hither and thither; in different directions (very rarely): corpora prostrata diverse jacebant, scattered, Auct. B. Afr. 40 fin.; so, pauci paulo divorsius conciderant, Sall. C. 61, 3: multifariam diverseque tendere, Suet. Galb. 19.

Trop. of the mind: curae meum animum divorse trahunt, Ter. And. 1, 5, 25: ab eodem de eadem re diverse dicitur, differently, Cic. Inv. 1, 50: diversissime adfici, very variously, Suet. Tib. 66: uti verbo ab alicujus sententia diverse, in a different meaning, Gell. 6, 17, 9.