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Lewis : exigo

exigo, exĭgo, ēgi, actum, 3, v. a. ago, to drive out or forth, to thrust out, to take or turn out. Lit. In gen.: reges ex civitate, to expel, Cic. de Or. 2, 48, 199: hostem e campo, Liv. 3, 61, 8: exigor patria, Naev. ap. Non. 291, 4: aliquem domo, Liv. 39, 11, 2: aliquem campo, id. 37, 41, 12: omnes foras, Plaut. Aul. 3, 1, 7: adcolas ultra famam, Plin. 2, 68, 68, § 175: exacti reges, driven away, Cic. de Or. 1, 9, 37; cf.: Tarquinio exacto, id. Rep. 1, 40: anno post Tarquinios exactos, Tac. A. 11, 22: Orestes exactus furiis, driven, tormented, Ov. Tr. 4, 4, 70: virum a se, Plaut. Mil. 4, 6, 62: uxorem, to put away, divorce, Ter. Hec. 2, 1, 45; Suet. Caes. 50; id. Claud. 26; cf.: illam suam (uxorem) suas res sibi habere jussit ex duodecim tabulis; claves ademit; exegit, turned her out of the house, Cic. Phil. 2, 28, 69: aliquem vitā, i. e. to kill, Sen. de Ira, 1, 6: corpus e stratis, to raise up or out, Sil. 16, 234: maculam, to take out, Suet. Aug. 94: et sacer admissas exigit Hebrus aquas, pours out into the sea, Ov. H. 2, 114; of weapons, to thrust from one, thrust, drive: non circumspectis exactum viribus ensem Fregit, thrust, impelled, Ov. M. 5, 171; so, ensem, Luc. 8, 656; cf.: ensem per medium juvenem, plunges through the middle, Verg. A. 10, 815: gladium per viscera, Flor. 4, 2, 68: tela in aliquem, Sen. Cons. ad Marc. 16; hence: aliquem hastā, i. e. to thrust through, transfix, Val. Fl. 6, 572.—Mid.: quae (hasta) cervice exacta est, passed out, passed through, Ov. M. 5, 138: prope sub conatu adversarii manus exigenda, to be put forth, raised (for a blow), Quint. 6, 4, 8 Spald.: (capellas) a grege in campos, hircos in caprilia, to drive out, Varr. R. R. 2, 3, 8: sues pastum, id. ib. 2, 4, 6: radices altius, to send out, Cels. 5, 28, 14; cf.: vitis uvas, Col. 3, 2, 10; 3, 6, 2; Cels. 8, 1 med.— In partic. A scenic t. t., to drive off, i. e. hiss off a piece or a player from the stage (rare): spectandae (fabulae) an exigendae sint vobis prius, Ter. And. prol. 27 Ruhnk.; so, fabulas, id. Hec. prol. alt. 4; id. ib. 7.

To demand, require, enforce, exact payment of a debt, taxes, etc., or the performance of any other duty (very freq.; syn.: posco, postulo, flagito, contendo, etc.): ad eas pecunias exigendas legatos misimus, Cic. Fam. 13, 11, 1: pecunias a civitatibus, id. Div. ap. Caecil. 10, 33: acerbissime pecunias imperatas, Caes. B. C. 3, 32; cf. id. ib. 1, 6 fin.; Cic. Pis. 16, 38; id. N. D. 3, 34, 84: quaternos denarios, id. Font. 5, 9: tributa, id. Fam. 3, 7, 3: pensionem, id. ib. 6, 18, 5: nomina sua, id. Verr. 2, 1, 10, § 28: mercedem, id. Lael. 21, 80 et saep.: equitum peditumque certum numerum a civitatibus Siciliae, Caes. B. C. 1, 30, 4: obsides ab Apolloniatibus, id. ib. 3, 12, 1: viam, to demand the construction of a road, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 59, § 154; Liv. 42, 3, 7: a quoquam ne pejeret, Juv. 13, 36.—Esp.: rationem, to exact an account: ut Athenienses rationibus exigendis non vacarent, Val. Max. 3, 1, ext. 1; Plin. Ep. 10, 81, 1: libertorum nomina a quibus ratio exigi posset, Suet. Aug. 101 fin.— In pass.: exigor aliquid, to be solicited, dunned for money, etc. (post-class.): exigor portorium, id est, exigitur de me portorium, Caecil. ap. Gell. 15, 14, 5; id. ap. Non. 106, 24: (Rib. Com. Fragm. p. 51): sese pecunias maximas exactos esse, Q. Metell. Numid. ap. Gell. 15, 14, 2; Dig. 23, 4, 32.

To examine, inquire into (post-Aug.): nec illae (conjuges) numerare aut exigere plagas pavent, Tac. G. 7 fin. (so Ritter, Halm, with all MSS., cf. Holzmann ad loc.; al. exugere, said to have been the read. of a lost codex, the Arundelianus; cf. exsugo); cf.: exactum et a Titidio Labeone, cur omisisset, etc., id. A. 2, 85.

Of places, to go or pass beyond, to pass by, leave behind (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): cum primus equis exegit anhelis Phoebus Athon, Val. Fl. 2, 75; cf. Prop. 3, 20, 11 (4, 20, 3 M.): Troglodytae hibernum mare exigunt circa brumam, Plin. 12, 19, 42, § 87.

In mercant. lang., to dispose of, sell: agrorum exigere fructus, Liv. 34, 9, 9 Drak.: mercibus exactis, Col. poët. 10, 317.

Mathemat. t. t., to apply to a standard or measure, i. e. to examine, try, measure, weigh by any thing: ad perpendiculum columnas, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 51, § 133: materiam ad regulam et libellam, Plin. 36, 25, 63, § 188: pondus margaritarum sua manu, Suet. Caes. 47; cf.: aliquid mensura, Plin. 17, 21, 35, § 159. Trop. In gen., to drive out, expel (very rare): locus, Ubi labore lassitudo exigunda ex corpore, Plaut. Capt. 5, 4, 4: frigus atque horrorem vestimentis, Lucil. ap. Non. 291, 8.—Far more freq. and class., In partic. (Acc. to I. B. 2.) To require, demand, claim any thing due: ego vero et exspectabo ea quae polliceris, neque exigam, nisi tuo commodo, Cic. Brut. 4, 17: aliquid exigere magis quam rogare, id. Fam. 2, 6, 1: longiores litteras exspectabo vel potius exigam, id. ib. 15, 16, 1: omnibus ex rebus voluptatem quasi mercedem, id. Fin. 2, 22, 73: ab hoc acerbius exegit natura quod dederat, demanded back, reclaimed, id. Tusc. 1, 39, 93 Klotz.: non ut a poëta, sed ut a teste veritatem exigunt, id. Leg. 1, 1, 4: has toties optata exegit gloria poenas, has cost, Juv. 10, 187: poenas, to take vengeance, id. 10, 84: de vulnere poenas, Ov. M. 14, 478: poenam (alicui), Sen. de Ira, 2, 22 fin.; Ov. F. 4, 230: gravia piacula ab aliquo, Liv. 29, 18, 18 et saep.—With ut: exigerem ex te cogeremque, ut responderes, Cic. Fin. 2, 35, 119; 4, 28, 80; cf.: Calypso exigit fata ducis, questions, inquires into, Ov. A. A. 2, 130: exactum a marito, cur, etc., Tac. A. 2, 85: exigite ut mores seu pollice ducat, Juv. 7, 237 sq.—With an object-clause: exigimus potuisse eum eo tempore testamentum facere, Dig. 29, 7, 8; 24, 3, 2.

Absol.: in exigendo non acerbum, Cic. Off. 2, 18, 64: cum res exiget, Quint. 5, 11, 5; 10, 3, 3; cf.: ut res exiget, id. 12, 10, 69: si communis utilitas exegerit, id. 12, 1, 37.

Esp.: rationem, to require an account: rerum gestarum, Just. 19, 2, 6: numquid rationem exiges, cum tibi aliquis hos dixerit versus? an explanation, Sen. Ep. 94, 28; Plin. Ep. 19, 9.

Of time, life, etc., to lead, spend, pass, complete, finish: non novisse quicum aetatem exegerim, Plaut. Trin. 4, 2, 111; id. Capt. 3, 5, 62: tecum aetatem, id. Mil. 4, 2, 48; 4, 6, 60; id. Cas. 2, 5, 12: ut te dignam mala malam aetatem exigas, id. Aul. 1, 1, 4: vitam taetre, Cat. Or. inc. 15; Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 39: cum maerore graviorem vitam, Sall. J. 14, 15; 85, 49; Plin. 7, 44, 45, § 139; Vitr. 2, 1, 4; Val. Max. 3, 5, 4 al.: vitae tempus, Sen. Ep. 2, 2; Val. Max. 3, 3, ext. 6: jam ad pariendum temporibus exactis, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 18, § 48: qui exacta aetate moriuntur, at the close of the vigorous period of life, Cic. Tusc. 1, 39, 93; id. Verr. 2, 5, 8, § 21; Sall. J. 6, 2; Liv. 2, 40, 11 al.: mediam dies exegerat horam, Ov. Am. 1, 5, 1: aevum, Lucr. 4, 1235; Verg. A. 7, 777; Ov. M. 12, 209: tristissimam noctem, Petr. 115: diem supremum noctemque, Tac. A. 3, 16: ullum tempus jucundius, Plin. Ep. 3, 1, 1: jam aestatem exactam esse, Sall. J. 61, 1: per exactos annos, at the end of every year, Hor. C. 3, 22, 6: exacto per scelera die, Tac. H. 1, 47; id. A. 3, 16; so, exacto quadriennio, Plin. 2, 47, 48, § 130; Verg. G. 3, 190; Stat. S. 2, 2, 47.

To conduct, urge forward, superintend, drive: opus, Ov. M. 14, 218; Col. 3, 13, 11.

To bring to an end, to conclude, finish, complete a thing (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): exegi monu