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Lewis : extraho

extraho, extrăho, xi, ctum, 3, v. a., to draw out or forth, to drag out (class.). Lit. In gen.: rete ex aqua, Plaut. Rud. 4, 4, 124: telum e corpore, Cic. Rosc. Am. 7, 19: gladium e vulnere, Quint. 4, 2, 13; for which: telum de vulnere, Ov. M. 12, 119: vivum puerum alvo, Hor. A. P. 340; cf.: filium exsecto ventre, Dig. 5, 2, 6: spinas, venena corpori, Plin. 28, 18, 76, § 245; 7, 2, 2, § 13; cf.: anulum sibi deficienti, Suet. Tit. 73: ut sine labore hanc (aquam) extraxi! Plaut. Rud. 2, 5, 4: vires humerorum (natae) ad aratra extrahenda, to draw forward, draw, Cic. N. D. 2, 63, 159.—With personal objects: aliquem e latebra, Suet. Vit. 17; cf.: extrahitur domo latitans Oppianicus a Manilio, Cic. Clu. 13, 39: rure in urbem, Hor. S. 1, 1, 11: senatores vi in publicum, Liv. 26, 13, 1: hostes invitos in aciem, id. 8, 29, 11: aliquem turba oppositis humeris, Hor. S. 2, 5, 94.

Esp., med. t. t. Dentis extrahere, i. e. by medicinal means, Plin. 32, 7, 26, § 79 (cf.: dentem evellere, i. e. by force).

Of cuppingglasses: sanguinem extrahere, Cels. 2, 11 init.— Trop. In gen., to withdraw, extricate, release; to draw out, extract, eradicate: urbem ex periculis maximis, Cic. Sest. 4, 11; cf.: me inde, Ter. Ph. 1, 4, 3: nescis, Parmeno, Quantum hodie profueris mihi et ex quanta aerumna extraxeris, id. Hec. 5, 4, 36: imbecilliores adjuvabit malisque opinionibus extrahet, Sen. Ep. 95 med.: se rebus humanis, to take one's own life, Dig. 21, 1, 23, § 3: (scelera) ex occultis tenebris in lucem, Liv. 39, 16, 11: secreta mentis (verberum vis), Sen. Hippol. 884: Epicurus ex animis hominum extraxit radicitus religionem, Cic. N. D. 1, 43, 121; id. Ac. 2, 34, 108: cf.: hunc errorem, quasi radicem malorum omnium, stirpitus philosophia se extracturam pollicetur, id. Tusc. 4, 38, 83.

In partic., of time, to draw out, protract, prolong: res variis calumniis, Cic. Fam. 1, 4, 1: se tergiversando in adventum ejus rem extracturum, Liv. 34, 46, 5: certamen usque ad noctem, id. 4, 41, 5: pugnam in posterum, Tac. A. 4, 73: bellum in tertium annum, Liv. 3, 2, 2: somnum plerumque in diem, Tac. G. 22: has materias in infinitum, Quint. 4, 1, 43: dicendi morā dies, Caes. B. C. 1, 32, 3: triduum disputationibus, id. ib. 1, 33, 3: diem de die, Sen. Ben. 2, 5 fin.: primum tempus noctis, Caes. B. C. 3, 28, 5: aestatem, id. B. G. 5, 22, 4; Liv. 32, 9, 10 et saep.: eludi atque extrahi se multitudo putare, Liv. 2, 23, 13; cf.: populumque ducesque incertis, Stat. Th. 3, 575: mentem, id. ib. 1, 323.