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Lewis : Germani

Germani, Germāni, ōrum, m., = Γερμανοί, the Germans, between the Rhine, the Danube, the Vistula, and the sea; the eastern neighbors of the Gauls, Caes. B. G. 2, 4; 4, 1; 6, 11; 21 sq.; Tac. G. passim; Cic. Att. 14, 9, 3; id. Prov. Cons. 13, 33; id. Balb. 14, 32; id. Pis. 33, 81 al.—Sing.: Germānus, i, m., a German, in a pun with germanus, own brother; v. 1. germanus, I. B.

Derivv. Germānus, a, um, adj., Germanic, German (poet.): herbae, Ov. A. A. 3, 163: pubes, Pers. 6, 44.

Germānĭa, ae, f., the country of the Germans, Germany, Caes. B. G. 4, 4; 5, 13; 6, 11; 24 sq.; id. B. C. 1, 7; 3, 87; Hor. C. 4, 5, 26; id. Epod. 16, 7 al. —Divided into Upper and Lower Germany: superior, Tac. A. 1, 31; 6, 30; 12, 27; id. H. 1, 12 al.: inferior, id. A. 1, 31; 4, 73; 11, 18; id. H. 1, 9; 52 sq.; also called Germania prima and secunda, Amm. 15, 11, 7 sq.

Transf., = Germani, Verg. G. 1, 509.

Hence, in plur.: Germānĭae, ārum, f., the whole of Germany, Tac. A. 1, 34; 46; 57; 2, 26, 73; 3, 46 et saep.

Germānĭ-cus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to the Germans, Germanic, German. Adj.: saltus, Liv. 9, 36: mare, the Baltic, Plin. 4, 16, 30, § 103: gentes, id. 4, 13, 28, § 98: sermo, Suet. Calig. 47: bellum, Caes. B. G. 4, 16; Suet. Aug. 20; id. Tib. 9 al.: exercitus, Tac. A. 1, 22; id. H. 1, 19; 26 al.: expeditio (Caligulae), Suet. Calig. 43: victoria, id. Vesp. 2: Calendae, i. e. the 1st of September (named Germanicus on account of the victory obtained over the Germans), Mart. 9, 2, 4 (cf. Suet. Calig. 15; id. Dom. 13; and Macr. S. 1, 12): persona, a clay figure of a German, as a bugbear for Roman children, Mart. 14, 176.

Subst.: Germānĭcus, i, m. A surname of several generals who gained victories over the Germans.—Esp. Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus, the son of Livia, Suet. Claud. 1 sq.; 27; id. Vit. 8; id. Dom. 13; Spart. Carac. 5.

Germanicus Caesar, son of the preceding, and brother of the emperor Claudius, Suet. Cal. 1; Tac. A. 1, 35 al. He translated the Phaenomena of Aratus, Lact. 1, 21, 38.

(sc. nummus), a gold coin struck by the emperor Domitian, Juv. 6, 205.

Ger-mānĭcĭānus, a, um, adj., stationed or serving in Germany (post-Aug. and only milit.): exercitus, Suet. Oth. 8; id. Vesp. 6; Eutr. 7, 11.—Also absol.: Germānĭciā-ni, ōrum, m., Suet. Tib. 25; Galb. 20.

Germānĭcĭensis, e, adj., German, Germanic, Cassiod. Hist. Eccl. 12, 4.