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Lewis : germanus

germanus, germānus, a, um, adj. v. germen, of brothers and sisters who have the same parents, or at least the same father, full, own (very freq. and class.). Lit. Adj.: spes mihi est vos inventuros fratres germanos duos Geminos, una matre natos et patre uno uno die, Plaut. Men. 5, 9, 43: frater, id. Capt. 5, 4, 18; Ter. And. 1, 5, 57; Cic. Font. 17, 36; id. Verr. 2, 1, 49, § 128; v. frater; and cf.: L. Cicero frater noster, cognatione patruelis, amore germanus, Cic. Fin. 5, 1, 1: soror germana, Plaut. Aul. 2, 1, 3; id. Truc. 2, 4, 87; Cic. Mil. 27, 73; Nep. Cim. 1: bimembres (i. e. Centauri), Ov. M. 12, 240.—Poet., to denote intimate friendship: soror, of a nurse, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 20, 40 (Ann. v. 42 Vahl.); cf. also absol.: germana, ib. (v. 48 Vahl.).

Subst.: germānus, i, m., and germāna, ae, f., an own or full brother, own or full sister (rare): nunc tu mihi es germanus pariter corpore et animo, Ter. Ad. 5, 8, 34: haec germanus Eryx quondam tuus arma gerebat, Verg. A. 5, 412; Ov. M. 5, 13: germanae justa dat ante suae, id. F. 3, 560; id. M. 6, 613: (Dryades) Omnes germanae Cererem cum vestibus atris Maerentes adeunt, id. ib. 8, 781; Vulg. Gen. 27, 35 al.—Poet., of animals, Att. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 22, 44.—In a pun with Germanus, a German: Cimber hic fuit, a quo fratrem necatum hoc Ciceronis dicto notatum est: Germanum Cimber occidit, Quint. 8, 3, 29; so in plur., Vell. 2, 67 fin.— Transf. Of or belonging to brothers and sisters, brotherly, sisterly (very rare); nunc tu mihi amicus es in germanum modum, Plaut. Cas. 3, 4, 25; so, casus (fratrum), Just. 27, 3 fin.— In gen., genuine, real, actual, true (a favorite expression of Cicero): illi veteres germanique Campani, Cic. Agr. 2, 35, 97: germanos se putant esse Thucydidas, id. Or. 9, 32: magni et germani Attici, id. ib. 26, 90: germani hujus artis magistri, id. de Or. 2, 38, 160; germani Luperci, id. Cael. 11, 26: scio me asinum germanum fuisse, id. Att. 4, 5, 3: di (te) omnes perdant, oboluisti allium, Germana illuvies, rusticus, hircus, hara suis, Plaut. Most. 1, 1, 39: haec est mea et hujus fratris mei germana patria: hinc enim orti stirpe antiquissima sumus, Cic. Leg. 2, 1, 3: ille Theodoromedes fuit germano nomine, Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 38: germana justitia, Cic. Off. 3, 17, 69: haec germana ironia est, id. Brut. 86, 296: gerrae germanae, Plaut. Poen. 1, 1, 9.—Sup.: germanissimus Stoicus, Cic. Ac. 2, 43, 132.—Hence, adv.: germāne, faithfully, truly: germane fraterneque rescribere, Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 15, b, 2; August. Civ. Dei, 2, 13.