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Lewis : incendium

incendium, incendĭum, ĭi, n. incendo, a burning, fire, conflagration. Lit. (freq. and class.; equally common in sing. and plur.): incendium facere, to set fire to, Cic. Par. 4, 2, 31; Caes. B. G. 5, 19 fin.: excitare, restinguere, Cic. Mur. 25, 51 (v. under II.): in ipso urbis incendio, Caes. B. C. 1, 5, 3: frumentum flumine atque incendio corruperunt, id. B. G. 7, 55, 8: omnia incendiis vastare, Hirt. B. G. 8, 25, 1; cf.: nihil cogitant nisi caedes, nisi incendia, nisi rapinas, Cic. Cat. 2, 5, 10: si incendium in arce fuerit, Quint. 7, 7, 4: si janua tenebitur incendio, id. 2, 13, 16: cunctos qui proelio superfuerant, incendium hausit, Tac. H. 4, 60 fin.: neglecta solent incendia sumere vires, Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 85; cf. Verg. A. 5, 680: Aetna nocturnis mirus incendiis, Plin. 3, 8, 14, § 88: vivendum est illic, ubi nulla incendia, Juv. 3, 197: incendia praedandi causa facere, Paul. Sent. 5, 20, 1: fortuita incendia, id. ib. 5, 20, 3.

Transf. In gen., fire, burning, heat (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): siderum, Plin. 2, 68, 68, § 172: Auster Africae incendia cum serenitate affert, id. 18, 33, 76, § 329: stomachi, Lucr. 4, 872.

Concr., a firebrand, torch (poet.), Verg. A. 9, 71; Ov. M. 14, 539.

Trop., fire, flame, heat, glow, vehemence (class.; a favorite trope of Cic.). In gen.: si quod esset in suas fortunas incendium excitatum, id se non aquā sed ruinā restincturum, Cic. Mur. 25, 51 fin.; cf. id. Rep. 1, 1: miseriarum, id. Tusc. 4, 32, 69: invidiae incendio conflagrare, id. Cat. 1, 11, 29: incendio alieni judicii conflagrare, Liv. 39, 6, 4: res cogit, huic tanto incendio succurrere omnes, qui, etc., Asin. Poll. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 33, 5: populare, Liv. 22, 40, 3: annonae, a raising of the price of corn, Manil. 4, 168; Ps.-Quint. Decl. 12, 4.

Esp., the fire of passion: ita mihi in pectore atque in corde facit amor incendium, Plaut. Merc. 3, 4, 3: cupiditatum incendiis inflammatus, Cic. Fin. 5, 24, 70: restinctis jam animorum incendiis, id. Or. 8, 27: oratione concitare, id. de Or. 2, 47, 197: abstruso pectus ejus flagravit incendio (i. e. dolore), Vell. 2, 130, 4: militaris tumultus, id. 2, 125, 4: aliae Satyris incendia mitia praebent, enkindle, inflame, Ov. F. 1, 411: movere, id. A. A. 2, 301.