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Lewis : includo

includo, inclūdo, si, sum, 3, v. a. claudo, to shut up, shut in, confine, enclose, imprison, keep in (class.).—Constr. with in and abl., in and acc., rarely with the simple abl., dat., or absol. Lit. With in and abl.: habemus senatusconsultum inclusum in tabulis, tamquam in vagina reconditum, Cic. Cat. 1, 2, 4: armatos in cella Concordiae, id. Phil. 3, 12, 31: in uno cubiculo, id. Verr. 2, 2, 53, § 133: in curia, id. Att. 6, 1, 6; 6, 2, 8: omne animal in mundo intus, id. Univ. 10: dum sumus inclusi in his compagibus corporis, id. de Sen. 21, 77: consule in carcere incluso, id. Att. 2, 1, 8; cf.: avis inclusa in cavea, id. Div. 2, 35, 73; cf.: (Animus) inclusus in corpore, id. Rep. 6, 26: veriti, ne includerentur vento in hostium orā, weather-bound on the coast, Liv. 37, 24, 9.

With in and acc.: aliquem in custodias, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 55, § 144: aliquem in carcerem, Liv. 38, 59 fin.— With the simple abl.: inclusi parietibus, Cic. Rep. 3, 9; cf.: aliquem carcere, Liv. 38, 60, 6: vim terrae cavernis, Cic. Div. 1, 36, 79; id. de Sen. 15, 51: inclusus caveā, Ov. Ib. 521: minora castra inclusa majoribus, Caes. B. C. 3, 66, 5; cf. id. ib. 3, 67 fin.: grandes zmaragdos auro, i. e. to set, Lucr. 4, 1127; cf.: suras auro, to sheathe, Verg. A. 11, 488; 12, 430: inclusus carcere nassae, caught, Juv. 12, 123.

With dat.: corpora furtim Includunt caeco lateri, Verg. A. 2, 19: publicae custodiae aliquem, Val. Max. 4, 6, ext. 3.—( ε ) Absol., or with acc.: inclusum atque abditum latere in occulto, Cic. Rab. Perd. 7, 21: fila numerata porri, Juv. 14, 133: intrat positas inclusa per aequora moles, id. 12, 75: pars Heracleae incluserunt sese, Liv. 36, 17, 9; for which: Aetolorum utraeque manus Heracleam sese incluserunt, id. 36, 16, 5: si quis alienum hominem aut pecudem incluserit et fame necaverit, Gai. Inst. 3, 219.—Poet.: huc aliena ex arbore germen Includunt, ingraft, Verg. G. 2, 76.

Transf. To obstruct, hinder, stop up (rare, and mostly post-Aug.): dolor includit vocem, Cic. Rab. Post. 17, 48: consuli primo tam novae rei admiratio incluserat vocem, Liv. 2, 2, 8: spiritum, id. 21, 58, 4; Plin. 11, 37, 84, § 209: lacrimas (dolor), Stat. Th. 12, 318: os alicui insertā spongiā, Sen. de Ira, 3, 10: post inclusum volatum, Pall. 1, 26, 1; cf. 7, 5, 4.

To bound, limit: Asiam in duas partes Agrippa divisit: unam inclusit ab oriente Phrygia . . . alteram determinavit ab oriente Armenia minore, etc., Plin. 5, 27, 28, § 102.

Trop. In gen., to include, enclose, insert in any thing. With in and abl.: qua de re agitur illud, quod multis locis in jurisconsultorum includitur formulis, Cic. Brut. 79, 275: similem sui speciem in clipeo Minervae, id. Tusc. 1, 15, 34: animorum salus inclusa in ipsa est, id. ib. 4, 27, 58.

With in and acc.: in hujus me tu consilii societatem tamquam in equum Trojanum cum principibus includis? Cic. Phil. 2, 13, 32: quam (opinationem) in omnes definitiones superiores inclusimus, id. Tusc. 4, 7, 15; id. Att. 13, 19, 3: eos in eam formam, id. Or. 5, 19: orationem in epistulam, id. Att. 1, 16, 10; id. Q. Fr. 1, 7, 24.

With abl. (freq. in Liv.): illa quae mihi sunt inclusa medullis, Cic. Att. 15, 4, 3; cf. Liv. 36, 17, 11; 6, 8, 9: oratio libro inclusa, id. 45, 25, 3: verba versu includere, Cic. de Or. 3, 48, 184: si aperias haec, quae verbo uno inclusa erant, Quint. 8, 3, 68; 12, 10, 66: antiquo me includere ludo quaeris, Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 3.

With dat.: τοποθεσίαν quam postulas, includam orationi meae, Cic. Att. 1, 13, 5; cf. Liv. 45, 25, 3: quas aureae armillae inclusas gestavit, Suet. Ner. 6 fin.: portae, Val. Max. 5, 6, 3.

( ε ) With adv. of place: intus inclusum periculum est, Cic. Cat. 2, 5, 11.

In partic. Of time, to close, finish, end (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): sic nobis, qui nunc magnum spiramus amantes, Forsitan includet crastina fata dies, Prop. 2, 15 (3, 7), 54; cf. Sil. 13, 686: tempora quae semel Notis condita fastis Inclusit (= consignavit), volucris dies, Hor. C. 4, 13, 16; so, hujus actionem (vespera), Plin. Ep. 2, 11, 18: mellationem idibus Nov. fere, Plin. 11, 16, 15, § 42: omnes potiones aqua frigida, Cels. 1, 8 fin.To restrain, control: adversus imperatorem, nullis neque temporis nec juris inclusum angustiis, Liv. 24, 8, 7.