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Lewis : infero

infero, infĕro, intŭli, illātum, inferre, v. a., to carry, bring, put, or throw into or to a place (class.); constr. with in and acc., ad, or the dat. Lit. With in and acc.: in equum, to bring or set upon a horse, Caes. B. G. 6, 29: coronam in curiam, Liv. 44, 14, 3: Scipio lecticula in aciem inlatus, id. 24, 42, 5: in portum quinqueremes, id. 28, 17, 5; cf. id. 26, 21, 6; 10, 2, 13: arma in Italiam, Nep. Ham. 4, 2: bello in provinciam illato, Cic. Fam. 15, 2, 1; id. Sest. 27, 58; Liv. 9, 25, 2.

With dat.: semina arvis, Tac. A. 11, 54: fontes urbi, id. ib. 11, 13; cf.: pedem aliquo, to go or proceed to a place, Cic. Caecin. 14, 39: spolia opima templo, id. 4, 20.

With ad: scalas ad moenia, to set against the walls, Liv. 32, 24, 5.

Absol.: inferri mensam secundam jussi, to be served up, Plin. 9, 35, 58, § 120: gressus, Verg. G. 4, 360.

To throw upon, apply to any thing; esp. of fire, to set fire to: tectis et templis ignes inferre conati sunt, to set fire to, Cic. Cat. 3, 9, 22; cf.: aliquid in ignem, Caes. B. G. 6, 18.

In partic. To bring to a place for burial, to bury, inter: ne quis sepulcra deleat, neve alienum inferat, Cic. Leg. 2, 26, 64: reliquias ejus majorum tumulis inferri jussit, Just. 11, 15.

To furnish, pay (a tribute or tax): tributum alicui, Col. 1, 1, 11: vicesimam, Plin. Pan. 39, 6: septingenta milia aerario inferenda, id. Ep. 2, 11, 20.

To give in, enter (an account): sumptum civibus, Cic. Fl. 19, 45: rationes falsas, id. ib. 9, 20: rationibus, to bring into account, Col. 1, 7, 7: aliquid in rationes, Dig. 34, 3, 12.

Milit.: signa (arma) in hostem, or hosti, to bear the standards against the enemy, to attack, make an attack upon: conversa signa in hostes inferre, to wheel about and attack, Caes. B. G. 2, 26; Liv. 6, 29, 2; 9, 27, 12; saep. with dat.: trepidantibus inferunt signa Romani, id. 3, 18, 8; 8, 30, 7; Curt. 8, 14, 15: signa patriae urbi, Cic. Fl. 2, 5; Liv. 28, 3, 13; so, inferre arma, Nep. Dat. 6, 5: pedem, to advance, attack, Liv. 10, 33, 4; so, gradum: gradum acrius intulere Romani, id. 35, 1, 9: bellum alicui, to make war upon, to wage war against, Cic. Pis. 34: bellum Italiae, id. Att. 9, 1, 3: bellum contra patriam, id. Phil. 2, 22, 53: arma, to begin a war, commence hostilities, Liv. 1, 30, 8.

Se, to betake one's self to, repair to, go into, enter, esp. with the accessory notion of haste and rapidity.

With dat.: visa vi quadam sua inferunt sese hominibus noscitanda, present, offer themselves, Gell. 19, 1, 15: lucus erat, quo se Numa sine arbitris inferebat, Liv. 1, 21, 3: se foribus, Verg. A. 11, 36: se flammae, Vell. 2, 74.—With a play upon I. β, supra: me inferre Veneri vovi jam jentaculum (cf. the context), Plaut. Curc. 1, 1, 72.—With in and acc.: se in periculum capitis atque in vitae discrimen, to rush upon, expose one's self to, Cic. Balb. 10, 25: cum se in mediam contionem intulisset, Liv. 5, 43, 8; 4, 33, 7; 7, 17, 5; 24, 16, 1 al.

Absol.: viden' ignavum, ut se inferat! how he struts! how proudly he walks! Plaut. Mil. 4, 2, 54: ut magnifice infert sese, id. Ps. 4, 1, 7: atque etiam se ipse inferebat, presented himself, came unbidden, Cic. Caecin. 5; Liv. 2, 30, 13; 22, 5, 5; Tac. H. 4, 66; id. Agr. 37; Curt. 4, 12, 14 al.

Trop. In gen., to bring forward, introduce; to produce, make, excite, occasion, cause, inflict: in re severa delicatum aliquem inferre sermonem, Cic. Off. 1, 40, 144: mentionem, to make mention, to mention, Liv. 4, 1, 2: spem alicui, Caes. B. G. 2, 25: quam maximum terrorem hostibus, id. ib. 7, 8: alicui injuriam, id. ib. 54; Val. Max. 8, 1, 6; cf.: injuriis in socios nostros inferendis, Cic. Sest. 27, 58: calamitatem, Caes. B. G. 1, 12: turpitudines, Cic. Phil. 14, 3, 9: crimen proditionis alicui, id. Verr. 2, 5, 41, § 106: periculum civibus, id. Sest. 1, 2: probrum castis, labem integris, infamiam bonis, id. Cael. 18, 42: moram et impedimentum alicui rei, id. Inv. 1, 9, 12: mortem alicui per scelus, id. Mil. 7, 17: pestilentiam agris, Liv. 5, 14, 3: vim vitae suae, to lay violent hands upon one's self, Vell. 2, 45: vim et manus alicui, Cic. Cat. 1, 8, 21: vim alicui, Tac. A. 15, 5; Suet. Claud. 16; 37: vulnera hostibus, to give wounds to, to wound, Caes. B. C. 2, 6: delectari criminibus inferendis, Cic. Lael. 18, 65: litem capitis in aliquem, id. Clu. 41, 116: alicui crimen proditionis, id. Verr. 2, 5, 41, § 106: judicium, to judge (post-class.), Dig. 5, 2, 4: prima peregrinos obscena pecunia mores intulit, Juv. 6, 299.

In partic., to conclude, infer, draw an inference, Cic. Inv. 1, 47, 87; Quint. 5, 11, 27.