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Lewis : iniquus

iniquus, ĭnīquus, a, um, adj. 2. in-aequus, unequal. Lit. Uneven, not level, steep: puppis, inflicta vadis, dorso dum pendet iniquo, Verg. A. 10, 303: juga montis iniqui, Ov. M. 10, 172.

Not of the right measure, too great or too small: haeret Hylas lateri (Herculis), passusque moratur iniquos, greater than his own, Val. Fl. 3, 486: iniquae heminae, Pers. 1, 130: pocula iniqua, too large, Ser. Samm. 37: iniquo pondere rastri, too heavy, Verg. G. 1, 164; so, adhibitis iniquis ponderibus, Dig. 18, 1, 32: sol, too hot, Verg. A. 7, 227: merum, taken immoderately, Val. Fl. 3, 66.

Transf. Unfair, unjust: quam iniqui sunt patres omnes in adulescentes judices, Ter. Heaut. 2, 1, 7: pacem vel iniquā condicione retinere, Cic. Att. 8, 11, D, § 6: quid hoc iniquius dici potest, id. Quint. 2, 8: causa, Ter. And. 1, 5, 22: lex, Hor. S. 1, 3, 67: Parcae, id. C. 2, 6, 9: quis iniquae Tam patiens urbis, ut, etc., Juv. 1, 30: ventres modio castigare iniquo, with short measure, scanty fare, id. 14, 126: praeripere ... valde est iniquum, Cic. Har. Resp. 3, 6.

Inimical, hostile, adverse: iniquum esse in aliquem, Ter. Hec. 3, 5, 25: homines natura asperi atque omnibus iniqui, Cic. Planc. 16, 40: animo iniquissimo infestissimoque aliquem intueri, id. Verr. 2, 5, 55, § 144: obscurius iniqui, id. Fam. 1, 5, b, 2: sermones, id. ib. 1, 9, 20: vultu iniquo spectare, with an envious, spiteful look, Ov. A. A. 1, 313.

Subst.: ĭnīquus, i, m., an enemy, foe: iniqui mei, Cic. Planc. 16, 40; id. Fam. 11, 27, 7: tui, id. Verr. 2, 2, 69, § 167 Zumpt: nonnulli nostri iniqui, id. Planc. 23, 57.

Also in sup.: omnibus iniquissimis meis, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 69 init.; cf. inimicus, and Zumpt, Gram. § 410.

Hurtful, injurious, unfavorable, disadvantageous: loco iniquo subeundum erat ad hostes, Liv. 2, 31, 4: ascensu, id. 28, 16, 7: loca ad transitum, id. 8, 38, 6; cf. spatio, Verg. A. 5, 203; id. G. 4, 147: palus gnara vincentibus, iniqua (i. e. invia) nesciis, Tac. A. 1, 63: tributum iniquo suo tempore imperatum, Liv. 2, 23, 5: consilia cum patriae tum sibi capere, Nep. Paus. 3, 3: vina capiti, Plin. 13, 4, 9, § 44: casus, Verg. A. 6, 475: sortem miserari iniquam, hard, id. ib. 12, 243.

Comp.: in locum iniquiorem progredi, Caes. B. G. 2, 10, 4.

Sup.: iniquissimo nostris loco proelium committere coeperunt, Caes. B. G. 5, 32 fin.; so, locum subire, id. ib. 2, 27 fin.Unwilling, impatient, discontented: iniquo animo pati, Ter. Eun. 2, 1, 6: iniquo animo ferre aliquid, Cic. Tusc. 2, 2, 5: iniquissimo animo mori, id. de Sen. 23, 83: iniquae mentis asellus, Hor. S. 1, 9, 20: utrum aequo an iniquo animo mortem subieris jam nihil refert, Lact. 3, 27, 8: caelestes iniqui, ungracious, unkind, Ov. H. 8, 87.

Unsuitable: hoc paene iniquum est, comico choragio conari agere nos tragoediam, Plaut. Capt. prol. 61.

Imperfect, improperly drawn up: formula, Gai. Inst. 4, 57.

Hence, adv.: ĭnīquē. Lit., unequally: quam inique comparatum est, Ter. Phorm. 1, 1, 7; cf.: numquam vidi iniquius concertationem comparatam, i. e. where the parties were more unequally matched, id. Ad. 2, 2, 4; and: hoc prope iniquissime comparatum est, etc., Cic. Clu. 21, 57.

Trop. Unfairly, unjustly (opp. jure): occidere, Liv. 39, 48, 2: facere aliquid erga aliquem, Plaut. Cas. 3, 4, 27: pacisci, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 14, § 37: expulsi, Auct. Or. pro Dom. 33: locum immeritum causari, Hor. Ep. 1, 14, 12.

Unfitly, unsuitably: etsi inique Castorem cum Domitio comparem, Cic. Deiot. 11, 31.

Not patiently, indignantly: aliquid ferre, Lact. 6, 4 med.; cf.: aliquid iniquissime ferre, Suet. Caes. 45.