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Lewis : mens

mens, mens, mentis (nom. sing. mentis: terra corpus est, at mentis ignis est, Enn. ap. Prisc. p. 764 P.; so too, istic est de sole sumptus; isque totus mentis est, Enn. ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 59 Müll.; cf. Enn. p. 168, v. 6 and 7 Vahl.), f. from the root men, whence memini, q. v., and comminiscor, the mind, disposition; the heart, soul (class.). In gen.: fusi sine mente ac sine sensu ullo jaceant, Enn. ap. Non. 312, 26 (Ann. v. 134 Vahl.): nubilam mentem Animi habeo, Plaut. Cist. 2, 1, 6: mens animi, Cat. 65, 4: mens animi vigilat, Lucr. 4, 758: mala mens, malus animus, bad disposition, bad heart, Ter. And. 1, 1, 137: hominum erga se mentes, feelings, sentiments, Suet. Calig. 60: mens mollis ad calamitates perferendas, Caes. B. G. 3, 19: humanae mentis vitium ... saeva cupido, Juv. 14, 175.

In partic. The conscience: cum vero jurato sententia dicenda est, meminerit, deum se adhibere testem, id est ut ego arbitror, mentem suam, Cic. Off. 3, 10, 44: auditor, cui frigida mens est crimi nibus, Juv. 1, 166: quos diri conscia fact, Mens habet attonitos et surdo verbere caedit, id. 13, 194.

The intellectual faculties, the mind, understanding, intellect, reason, judgment, discernment, consideration, reflection, etc.: mens, cui regnum totius animi (soul) a naturā tributum est, Cic. Tusc. 3, 5, 11: animus ita est constitutus, ut habeat praestantiam mentis, id. Fin. 5, 12, 34: deorum mente atque ratione omnem mundum administrari et regi, id. N. D. 1, 2, 4: mente complecti aliquid, to comprehend, understand, id. Tusc. 1, 16, 37: sanum mentis esse, to be of sound mind, Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 53: mens sana in corpore sano, Juv 10, 356: mentis suae esse, to be in one's right mind, in one's senses, Cic. Pis. 21, 50; so, mentis compotem esse, id. ib. 20, 48: captus mente, out of his senses, beside himself, mad (cf. menceps), id. Ac. 2, 17, 53; Paul. Sent. 3, 4, a, 11: mentem amittere, to lose one's mind, Cic. Har. Resp. 15. 31: mentis inops, Ov. H. 15, 139: huic ex tempore dicenti effluit mens, his recollection vanished, Cic. Brut. 61, 218: quis est tam vecors, qui ea, quae tanta mente fiunt, casu putet posse fieri? id. Har. Resp. 9, 19: vobis dent mentem oportet (di), ut prohibeatis, sicut mihi dederunt, ut, etc., Liv. 6, 18: quid tibi istuc in mentem venit? what comes into your mind? what are you thinking of? Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 34: modo hercle in mentem venit, id. As. 3, 2, 42: venit hoc mihi in mentem, te, etc., id. Aul. 2, 2, 49: venit in mentem, ut, etc., id. Curc. 4, 4, 2.—With inf., Plaut. Bacch. 4, 7, 31.—With nom.: miserae ubi venit in mentem mortis metus, Plaut. Rud. 3, 3, 23: servi venere in mentem calliditates, Ter. Heaut. 5, 1, 13: quotiescumque patria in mentem veniret, Liv. 5, 54, 3; 8, 5, 10; Quint. 12, 9, 13; cf.: numquam ea res tibi tam belle in mentem venire potuisset, Cic. Att. 12, 37, 2; id. Har. Resp. 26, 55.—With gen. (so mostly in Cic.): non minus saepe ei venit in mentem potestatis, quam aequitatis tuae, he bethought himself of, Cic. Quint. 2, 6: tibi tuarum virtutum veniat in mentem, id. de Or 2, 61, 249: venit mihi Platonis in mentem, id. Fin. 5, 1, 2: solet mihi in mentem venire illius temporis, id. Fam. 7, 3, 1.

Mind, thought, plan, purpose, intention, design. quā facere id possis, nostram nunc accipe mentem, Verg. A. 1, 676: ut nemini dubium esse debeat, quin reliquo tempore eādem mente sim futurus, Nep. Hann. 2, 5: Dolabella classem eā mente comparavit, ut, Cic. Fam. 12, 14, 1: mentes deorum scrutari in fibris, Ov. M. 15, 136: ferro percussit, sed non occidendi mente, Mos. et Rom. Leg. Coll. 1, 6, 3: poenae modus ex mente facientis statui potest, ib. 13, 3, 2: in mente est mihi dormire, I have a mind to, Petr. 21.

Spirit, boldness, courage: addere mentem, to give courage to, Hor Ep. 2, 2, 36: demittunt mentes, lose courage, Verg. A. 12, 609 (cf. animus).

Personified: Mens, the goddess of thought, whose festival was held on the eighth of June, Cic. Leg. 2, 8, 19: Menti aedem T. Octacilius praetor vovit, Liv. 22, 10; cf. Ov. F. 6, 241.