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Lewis : metus

metus, mĕtus, ūs, m. (fem.: nulla in me est metus, Enn. ap. Paul. ex Fest. p. 123 Müll.: metus ulla, id. ap. Non. 214, 11; cf. Ann. v. 537, and Trag. v. 179 Vahl.; dat. metu, Tac. A. 11, 32; 15, 69), fear, dread, apprehension, anxiety; constr. with gen. object., with ne, with acc. and inf. Lit.: est metus futurae aegritudinis sollicita exspectatio, Cic. Tusc. 5, 18, 52; cf. id. ib. 4, 30, 64: metum excitari vel propriis vel communibus periculis, Mart. Cap. 5, § 505: in metu esse, to be in fear, be fearful, Cic. Cat. 1, 7, 18: est et in metu peregrinantium, ut, etc., they are also afraid, Plin. 31, 6, 37, § 71: mihi etiam unum de malis in metu est, fratris miseri negotium, a subject of fear, Cic. Att. 3, 9, 3: metum habere, to entertain fear, be afraid, id. Fam. 8, 10, 1: metum concipere, to become afraid, Ov. F. 1, 485: capere, Liv. 33, 27: accipere, Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 96: metum facere alicui, to make afraid, put in fear, frighten, Ov. Tr. 5, 10, 28: metum inicere, Caes. B. G. 4, 19: incutere, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 4, 2: inferre, Liv. 26, 20: affere, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 54, § 135: offerre, id. Fam. 15, 1, 5: obicere, id. Tusc. 2, 4, 10: intentare, Tac. A. 15, 54: metu territare, to alarm greatly, fill with fear, Caes. B. G. 5, 6: metum pati, Quint. 6, 2, 21: alicui adimere, to take away, remove, Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 100: metu exonerare, to relieve from fear, Liv. 2, 2: removere metum, to take away, remove, id. ib.: levare alicui, Cic. Tusc. 2, 24, 59: alicui deicere, id. Verr. 2, 5, 49, § 130: solvere, to remove, dismiss, Verg. A. 1, 463: civitati metum, formidinem oblivionem inicere, Ser. Samm. ap. Macr. S. 3, 9, 7: metu et impressione alicujus terroris mentiri, Paul. Sent. 5, 1, 4: metu mortis furem occidere, Mos. et Rom. Leg. Coll. 7, 3, 3: quis metus aut pudor est umquam properantis avari? Juv. 14, 178: reddere metu, non moribus, id. 13, 204.

Poet. in plur., Hor. C. 1, 26, 1.

With gen. object.: vulnerum metus, Cic. Tusc. 2, 24, 59: ne reliquos populares metus invaderet parendi sibi, Sall. J. 35, 9: id bellum excitabat metus Pompei victoris Hiempsalem in regnum restituentis, Sall. H. 1, 39; v. Gell. 9, 2, 14; Non. p. 96: propter metum alicujus, for fear of: Judaeorum, Vulg. Johan. 7, 13; 19, 38.

With ne: quod ubi Romam est nuntiatum, senatui metum injecit, ne, etc., Liv. 5, 7, 4: ne lassescat fortuna, metus est, Plin. 7, 40, 41, § 130.

With acc. and inf.: quantus metus est mihi, venire huc salvum nunc patruum! Ter. Phorm. 3, 1, 18.—( ε ) With ab: metus a praetore Romano, Liv. 2, 24, 3; 23, 15, 7; 25, 33, 5; cf.: metus poenae a Romanis, id. 32, 23, 9; 45, 26, 7.—( ζ ) With pro: metus pro universā republicā, Liv. 2, 24, 4.—( η ) With ex: metus ex imperatore, Tac. A. 11, 20.

Poet., religious awe, holy dread: laurus Sacra comam multosque metu servata per annos, Verg. A. 7, 60.—Poetic awe: evoe! recenti mens trepidat metu, Hor. C. 2, 19, 5.

Transf. Conor., a cause of fear, a terror (poet.): metus Libyci, i. e. the head of Medusa, Stat. Th. 12, 606: nulli nocte metus, alarms, Juv. 3, 198.

Personified: Mĕtus, the god of fear or terror, Cic. N. D. 3, 17, 44; Verg. G. 3, 552; id. A. 6, 276.