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Lewis : mitis

mitis, mītis, e, adj. etym. dub.; cf. Sanscr. mith-, to associate; Lat. mutuus, mild, mellow, mature, ripe; of the soil, mellow, light, kindly, fruitful; of a river, calm, gentle, placid (class.; syn.: lenis, placidus, comis). Lit.: sunt nobis mitia poma, Verg. E. 1, 81: uva, id. G. 1, 448: Bacchus (i. e. vinum), mellow, id. ib. 1, 344: suci, Ov. M. 14, 690: mite solum Tiburis, Hor. C. 1, 18, 2: mitis (fluvius) in morem stagni, Verg. A. 8, 88: flamma, harmless, innoxious, Sil. 16, 120.

Trop., mild, soft, gentle. In gen.: nihil tam vidi mite, nihil tam placatum, quam tum meus frater erat in sororem tuam, Cic. Att. 5, 1, 3: mitis tranquillusque homo, Plaut. Truc. 4, 3, 2: homo mitissimus atque lenissimus, Cic. Cat. 4, 5, 10: ex feris et immanibus, mites reddidit et mansuetos, id. Inv. 1, 2, 2.

Poet., with acc., in respect of: nec Mauris animum mitior anguibus, Hor. C. 3, 10, 18. —With dat.: mites hostibus, Ov. P. 2, 1, 48: poenitentiae mitior, towards the penitent, Tac. Agr. 16.

Of things: mitis et misericors animus, Cic. Inv. 1, 55, 106: consilium, Ov. Tr. 1, 5, 5: doctrina, Cic. Mur. 29, 160: malum, blandum atque dolosum, Lucil. ap. Non. 343, 9: mitius exsilium, Ov. Tr. 2, 185: servitium, Prop. 3, 13, 20: opes, acquired through a long peace, Sil. 14, 653: affectus mitiores, Quint. 5, 13, 2: ingenium, Juv. 4, 82; 13, 184: animus, id. 14, 15.

Of speech: Thucydides si posterius fuisset, multo maturior fuisset et mitior, riper and mellower, more palalable, Cic. Brut. 83, 288: mitis et compta oratio, id. Sen. 9, 28: non hac tam atroci, sed illa lege mitissima, causam dicere, id. Verr. 2, 1, 9, § 26.

Comically, made soft, mellow with beating: mitis sum equidem fustibus, Plaut. Mil. 5, 31; cf. Ter. Ad. 2, 4, 12.—Hence, adv.: mīte, mildly, soflly, gently (rare; not in Cic.): mite connivere, App. M. 10, p. 285, 4.—Comp.: mitius ille perit, Ov. P. 3, 7, 27. —Sup.: mitissime legatos appellare, Caes. B. G. 7, 43.