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Lewis : odi

odi, ōdi, ōdisse (old form of the pres., odio: osi sunt ab odio, declinasse antiquos testis est C. Gracchus, Paul. ex Fest. p. 201 Müll. From this are formed: odis, Ambros. in Psa. 118, 17; odiant, Arn. in Psa. 37; odiebant, id. Psa. 73; odies, Tert. adv, Marc. 4, 35; odiet, Hier. Ep. 22, 31; odivi, Vulg. Psa. 118, 104; odientes, id. Deut. 7, 10; Tert. adv. Marc. 4, 16; odiendi, App. Dogm. Plat. 3 init. —Pass. oditur, Tert. Apol. 3 fin.; Vulg. Ecclus. 20, 8: odiremur, Hier. Ep. 43, 2: oderem and odere, acc. to Charis. p. 228 P.—Collat. form of the perf. osus sum, C. Gracch. ap. Paul. ex Fest. p. 201 Müll.; Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 19; Gell. 4, 8; and odivit, Anton. ap. Cic. Phil. 13. 19, 42), v. a. Sanscr. root badh-, strike, thrust; Gr. ὠθέω . To hate (class.; cf.: detestor, abominor, aversor, abhorreo); constr. with acc. of the person or thing, with inf. or absol. With acc.: quem omnes oderunt quā viri quā mulieres, Plaut. Mil. 4, 9, 15: uxor ruri est tua, quam dudum dixeras te odisse aeque atque angues, id. Merc. 4, 4, 20 sq.: quid enim odisset Clodium Milo, Cic. Mil. 13, 35: aliquem acerbe et penitus, id. Clu. 61, 171: lucemque odit, Ov. M. 2, 383: vitam, id. ib. 7, 583: scelus est odisse parentem, id. ib. 10, 314: qui hominem odiit, Tert. Anim. 10: semper eos osi sunt, C. Gracch. ap. Paul. ex Fest. p. 201 Müll.: quas (partes) Pompeius odivit, M. Anton. ap. Cic. Phil. 13, 19, 42.

With inf.: inimicos semper osa sum obtuerier, Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 19: peccare, Hor. Ep. 1, 16, 52; cf. id. C. 2, 16, 26.

Absol.: oderint dum metuant, Att. ap. Cic. Off. 1, 28, 97 (Trag. Rel. p. 136 Rib.); cf. Tiber. ap. Suet. Tib. 59: ita amare oportere, ut si aliquando esset osurus, Cic. Lael. 16, 59; id. Imp. Pomp. 15, 43: neque studere neque odisse, Sall. C. 51, 13: furialiter, Ov. F. 3, 637: sic objurgans, quasi oderint, Quint. 2, 2, 7; 7, 2, 37 al.

Transf., in gen., to dislike; to be displeased or vexed at any thing: illud rus, Ter. Ad. 4, 1, 7: Persicos apparatus, Hor. C. 1, 38, 1: odi cum cera vacat, Ov. Am. 1, 11, 20.—Of subjects not personal: ruta odit hiemem et umorem ac fimum, Plin. 19, 8, 45, § 156.—Esp.: se odisse, to be ill at ease, discontented, Plaut. Bacch. 3, 3, 13; Juv. 7, 35.—Pass.: oditur ergo in hominibus innocuis etiam nomen innocuum, Tert. Apol. 3: si de mundo non essemus, odiremur a mundo, Hier. Ep. 43, n. 2 (but in class. Lat. the pass. of odi is odio esse; v. odium).