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Lewis : pareo

pareo pārĕo (parrĕo), ŭi, pārĭtum, 2, v. n. intr. form of paro, to make ready; părio, to bring forth; hence, to be ready, at hand, to come forth, appear, be visible, show one's self; to be present or at hand. Lit. (rare; not in Cic. or Cæs.): immolanti jocinera replicata paruerunt, Suet. Aug. 95: quoties paruit Hermogenes, Mart. 12, 29, 18: haec (fenestra) videt Inarimen, illi Prochyta aspera paret, Stat. S. 2, 2, 76: quae si parent simul, Quint. 1, 12, 4: caeli cui sidera parent, are open, intelligible, Verg. A. 10, 176; cf. Suet. Calig. 8.—So freq. in eccl. Lat.: parebit signum filii hominis in caelo, Vulg. Matt. 24, 30.—Impers.: paret = videtur: si paret eum dare oportere, Gai. Inst. 3, 91; 4, 4; 34 al.

In partic. To appear (as a servant) at a person's commands, to attend, wait upon (very rare, for the usual apparere): magistratibus in provincias euntibus parere et praeministrare servorum vice, Gell. 10, 3, 19: ad memoriam, Spart. Pesc. 7.

Transf. To obey, be obedient to; to submit to, comply with (the class. signif. of the word; syn.: oboedio, obsequor, obtempero): parere, obedire, Fest. p. 221 Müll.: animadverte ac dicto pare, Enn. ap. Cic. Rab. Post. 11, 29 (Trag. v. 299 Vahl.): hic parebit et oboediet praecepto illi veteri, Cic. Tusc. 5, 12, 36: oboedire et parere alicujus voluntati, id. N. D. 1, 8, 19: non ut pareret et dicto audiens esset huic ordini, etc., id. Phil. 7, 1, 2: (noster populus) in bello sic paret, ut regi, id. Rep. 1, 40, 163: legibus, id. Off. 2, 11, 40: religionibus, id. N. D. 2, 3, 8: imperio, Caes. B. G. 5, 2: populo patiente atque parente, Cic. Rep. 2, 36, 61: alicujus imperiis, Juv. 14, 331.—Impers. pass.: dicto paretur, Liv. 9, 32: remissius imperanti melius paretur, Sen. Clem. 1, 24, 1: ut arbitri sententiae pareatur, Dig. 4, 8, 23: si paritum fuerit condicioni, ib. 40, 4, 12.

Poet., with respective acc.: non adeo parebimus omnia matri, Stat. Ach. 1, 660. —Of inanim. and abstr. subjects: lucra petituras freta per parentia ventis Ducunt instabiles sidera certa rates, Tib. 1, 9, 9; cf. Ov. M. 8, 472; Quint. 11, 3, 65.

To be subject to, dependent on; to be subservient to: nulla fuit civitas, quin Caesari pareret, Caes. B. C. 3, 81: oppidum, quod regi paret, Plin. 6, 28, 32, § 145: negat se ei parere posse qui se feminam malit esse, quam virum, Just. 1, 3, 3: quae homines arant, navigant, aedificant, virtuti omnia parent, Sall. C. 2, 7; Hor. S. 2, 3, 96.

To submit to, comply with, indulge, gratify, yield to: necessitati, Cic. Or. 60, 202: et tempori et voluntati, id. Vatin. 1, 2: cupiditatibus, id. Fin. 1, 16, 53: dolori et iracundiae, id. Att. 2, 21, 4: extremo furori, Val. Fl. 7, 154.

To yield to one's promises or representations, to fulfil, accomplish them; to satisfy, give, pay: promissis, Ov. F. 5, 504: pensionibus, Dig. 19, 2, 54: usuris, Cod. 4, 26, 8.

Impers.: paret, it is clear, evident, manifest (class.): quid porro quaerendum est? factumne sit? at constat. A quo? at paret, Cic. Mil. 6, 15.—Esp. in the formula si paret, if it appear, if it be proved, Cic. Rosc. Com. 4, 11; id. Verr 2, 2, 12, § 31; cf.: si paret adversum edictum fecisse, id. ib. 2, 3, 28, § 69; 2, 3, 22, § 55; Fest. p. 233 Müll.: paritum est, Dig. 31, 1, 67; ib. 6, 1, 5; Petr. 137; cf. II. 2. a. supra.—Hence, pārens, entis, P. a., obedient: parentiores exercitus, Cic. Off. 1, 22, 76 (al. paratiores).

Subst.: pārens, entis, comm., a subject: parentes abunde habemus, Sall. J. 102, 7: vi quidem regere patriam aut parentes quamquam possis, etc., id. ib. 3, 2: ex voluntate parentium occupare principatum, Vell. 2, 108; and so Tac. A. 1, 59, acc. to Bötticher (but parentes, in this passage, signifies parents; cf. Kritz on Sall. C. 6, 5).