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Lewis : artus

artus, artus, ūs, m. id., mostly plur. (artua, n., Plaut. Men. 5, 2, 102; quoted in Non. p. 191, 12.—Hence, dat. acc. to Vel. Long. p. 2229 P. and Ter. Scaur. p. 2260 P. artibus; yet the ancient grammarians give their decision in favor of artubus, which form is also supported by the best MSS.; cf. arcus.—The singular is found only in Luc. 6, 754; Val. Fl. 4, 310, and Prisc. p. 1219 P.). Lit., a joint: molles commissurae et artus (digitorum), Cic. N. D. 2, 60, 150: suffraginum artus, Plin. 11, 45, 101, § 248: elapsi in pravum artus, Tac. H. 4, 81: dolor artuum, gout, Cic. Brut. 60, 217.—Sometimes connected with membra, Plaut. Men. 5, 2, 102: copia materiaï Cogitur interdum flecti per membra, per artus, in every joint and limb, Lucr. 2, 282; 3, 703 al.; Suet. Calig. 28; cf. Baumg.-Crus., Clavis ad Suet.: cernere laceros artus, truncata membra, Plin. Pan. 52, 5.

Trop., the muscular strength in the joints; hence, in gen., strength, power: Ἐπιχαρμεῖον illud teneto; nervos atque artus esse sapientiae, non temere credere, Q. Cic. Petit. Cons. 10.—More freq., The limbs in gen. (very freq., esp. in the poets; in Lucr. about sixty times): cum tremulis anus attulit artubus lumen, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 20, 40 (Ann. v. 36 Vahl.); so Lucr. 3, 7; cf. id. 3, 488; 6, 1189: artubus omnibus contremiscam, Cic. de Or. 1, 26, 121: dum nati (sc. Absyrti) dissupatos artus captaret parens, vet. poet. ap. Cic. N. D. 3, 26, 67: copia concita per artus Omnīs, Lucr. 2, 267: moribundi artus, id. 3, 129 al.: rogumque parari Vidit et arsuros supremis ignibus artus, etc., Ov. M. 2, 620 al.: salsusque per artus Sudor iit, Verg. A. 2, 173; 1, 173 al.: veste strictā et singulos artus exprimente, and showing each limb, Tac. G. 17: artus in frusta concident, Vulg. Lev. 1, 6; 8, 20; ib. Job, 16, 8.—Of plants: stat per se vitis sine ullo pedamento, artus suos in se colligens, its tendrils, Plin. 14, 1, 3, § 13, where Jahn reads arcus.