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solvo, solvo, solvi, solūtum, 3, v. a. (perf. soluit, trisyll., Cat. 2, 13: soluisse, Tib. 4, 5, 16) [for se-luo; cf. socors for se-cords], to loosen an object from any thing, to release or to loose, remove any thing which binds or restrains another. To loose an object bound, to release, set free, disengage, dissolve, take apart. In a corporeal sense. Outwardly, to release. From fetters or custody, to free, set free, release; absol.: solvite istas, i. e. from fetters, Plaut. Truc. 4, 3, 64: solvite istum, id. Mil. 5, 32: numquam, nisi me orassis, solves, id. Ep. 5, 2, 62: jube solvi (eum), Ter. And. 5, 4, 52: ad palum adligati repente soluti sunt, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 5, § 11: ut vincti solvantur, id. ib. 2, 5, 6, § 12: qui in compedibus corporis semper fuerunt, etiam cum soluti sunt, tardius ingrediuntur, id. Tusc. 1, 31, 75: ita nexi soluti (sunt), Liv. 8, 28, 9: solvite me, pueri, Verg. E. 6, 24: fore ut brevi solveretur, Suet. Vesp. 5; id. Tib. 65; id. Vit. 12.—With abl.: canis solutus catenā, Phaedr. 3, 7, 20. —Transf., from the fetter of frost: solutis amnibus (i. e. frigoris vinculo), Stat. Th. 5, 15: terrae quem (florem) ferunt solutae, Hor. C. 1, 4, 10.

From reins, ties, bands, etc.: solve senescentem equum, from the rein, i. e. dismiss him from service, Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 8: solverat sol equos, unhitched, Stat. Th. 3, 407: currum solvere (i. e. ab equis, poet. for equos a curru), Sen. Thyest. 794: solvere epistulam, i. e. from the string by which it was tied (= to open), Nep. Hann. 11, 3: et tibi sollicitā solvitur illa (epistula) manu, Ov. Tr. 5, 2, 2: et jacet in gremio charta soluta meo, id. H. 11, 4: praecepit suis ne sarcinas solverent, aut onera deponerent, Front. Strat. 1, 5, 3.—So of garments and sails, to unfurl, unfold: cum tunicā solutā inambularet, Asin. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 32, 3; Front. Strat. 4, 1, 26: solutā togā, Quint. 11, 3, 147: vela solvere, Verg. A. 4, 574.

From any fastening (mostly poet. and post-Aug. prose), to detach from; constr. absol., or with ab or de, and abl.: Caucasiā solvet de rupe Promethei bracchia, Prop. 2, 1, 69: fraxinus solvitur, from the ground, Stat. Th. 9, 498: ceciditque soluta pinus, id. ib. 9, 409; cf.: pinus radice solutā, deficit, id. S. 5, 1, 152: solutis radicibus arbusta procumbunt, Sen. Q. N. 3, 27, 5: accepi epistulam quam, ut scribis, ancorā solutā de phaselo dedisti, i. e. a litore, detached, Cic. Att. 1, 13, 1 B. and K. (al. sublatā; but soluta is perh. an error of Cic. in the use of a technical term, v Orell. ad loc.).—In the same sense: solvere retinacula classis, Ov. M. 15, 696; 8, 102: querno solvunt de stipite funem, id. F. 4, 333: fune soluto Currit in immensum carina, id. Am. 2, 11, 23: curvo solves viscera cultro (i. e. de corpore ferarum), Sen. Hippol. 53.—Of rain disengaged from the clouds: imber caelesti nube solutus, Ov. A. A. 2, 237: (Lunam) imperfectā vi solvere tantum umorem, disengage only the moisture, i. e. from the earth: cum solis radii absumant, Plin. 2, 9, 6, § 45: solutum a latere pugionem, detached from his side, Suet. Vit. 15.

Esp., of ships: navem solvere, to free a ship from the land, i. e. to set sail, weigh anchor, leave land, depart. With acc. alone: eisce confectis navem solvimus, Plaut. Merc. 1, 1, 91: navim cupimus solvere, id. Mil. 4, 7, 17: naves solvit, Caes. B. G. 4, 36; 5, 8; id. B. C. 1, 28; 3, 14; 3, 26; 3, 102: primis tenebris solvit navem, Liv. 45, 6: postero die solvere naves (jussi), id. 29, 25 fin.; Nep. Hann. 8, 2: classem solvere, Liv. 45, 41; Prop. 3, 7 (4, 6), 23.

With ab and abl.: navis a terrā solverunt, Caes. B. C. 3, 101: quinto inde die quam ab Corintho solverit naves, Liv. 31, 7 med.: solvunt a litore puppes, Luc. 2, 649.

With ex and abl.: nam noctu hac soluta est navis nostra e portu Persico, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 259: interea e portu nostra navis solvitur, id. Bacch. 2, 3, 54.

With abl.: complures mercatores Alexandriā solvisse, Cic. Off. 3, 12, 50: portu solventibus, id. Mur. 2, 4.

( ε ) Absol. (sc. navem or naves): tertiā fere vigiliā solvit, Caes. B. G. 4, 23: nos eo die cenati solvimus, Cic. Fam. 16, 9, 2: altero die quam a Brundusio solvit, Liv. 31, 14 init.: qui inde solverant, Val. Max. 1, 7, 3: solvi mare languido, Sen. Ep. 53, 1: fortasse etiam ventis minantibus solves, id. Ben. 2, 35, 5: non eadem est his et illis causa solvendi, making sea-voyages, id. Q. N. 5, 18, 16.—( ζ ) With navis, etc., as subj., to leave the land (sc. se a litore): naves XVIII. ex superiore portu solverunt, Caes. B. G. 4, 28; and by another change of construction: solvimus oram, we freed the shore, i.e. from the ship, Quint. 4, 2, 41; id. Ep. ad Tryph. 3.—( η ) Poet. usages: de litore puppis solvit iter, clears the voyage, Stat. S. 5, 1, 243: nec tibi Tyrrhenā solvatur funis harenā, Prop. 1, 8, 11 (cf.: retinacula solvere, c. supra).

Of secretions from the body (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): tempore eo quo menstrua solvit, Lucr. 6, 706: cruor solvitur, Stat. Th. 9, 530: lacrimas solvere, id. Achill. 2, 256: solutis lacrimis, Claud. Ruf. 2, 258; so, partūs solvere, to bear, bring forth, be delivered of offspring, Ov. F. 3, 258; Stat. Th. 5, 461; Plin. 28, 3, 6, § 33; 32, 1, 1, § 6.

To loosen an object from that which holds it together, to break up, part, dissolve, disperse, divide, take apart, scatter. In gen.: omne colligatum solvi potest, Cic. Fin. 11.

Of structures (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): solvere naves et rursus conjungere, Curt. 8, 10, 3: solvere quassatae parcite membra ratis, Ov. Tr. 1, 2, 2: dubitavit an solveret pontem, Curt. 4, 16, 8: solvere pontem, Tac. A. 1, 69: si pons solutus sit, Dig. 2, 11, 2, § 7: solutus pons tempestatibus, Just. 2, 13, 9: currum (solis) solutum, Manil. 1, 740.

Of woven stuff: solvens texta, Prop. 2, 9, 6.

Of mountains: utrimque montes solvit (Hercules), Sen. Herc. Fur. 237: tridente Neptunus montem solvit, id. Agam. 553.

Of the neck: soluta cervix silicis impulsu, broken, Sen. Troad. 1119.

Of a comet: momentum quo cometes solutus et in duas partes redactus est, Sen. Q. N. 7, 16, 3.

Of the hair, to loosen, untie, let fall: solve capillos, Ov. Am. 3, 9, 3: crinem, id. A. A. 3, 784; id. M. 11, 682; 13, 584; Prop. 2, 15 (3, 7), 46: comas casside, Ov. F. 3, 2; cf. id. ib. 4, 854.

Of the earth (so mostly P. a., q. v. infra; post-Aug.): ita in terrae corpore evenit ut partes ejus vetustate solvantur, solutae cadant, Sen. Q. N. 6, 10, 2: ubi montis latus nova ventis solvit hiems, Stat. Th. 7, 745.

To dissolve; pass., to be dissolved, changed, to pass over into (poet. and postclass. for dissolvere, or transire in); constr. absol., or with in and acc. Of a change into air or gas: calor mobiliter solvens, differt primordia vini, dissolving, parts the molecules of the wine, Lucr. 6, 235: nam materiai copia ferretur per inane soluta, id. 1, 1018; so id. 1, 1103: ita fatus in aëra rursus solvitur, Stat. Th. 5, 285; nec in aëra solvi Passa, recentem animam caelestibus intulit astris, Ov. M. 15, 845.

Into a liquid, to melt: saepe terra in tabem solvitur, Sen. Q. N. 3, 15, 7: terram quam diximus esse mutabilem et solvi in umorem, id. ib. 3, 29, 4: nullum tellus se solvit in amnem, Luc. 2, 408; ipsum in conubia terrae Aethera, cum pluviis rarescunt nubila, solvo, dissolve into the embrace of the earth, i. e. change into rain, Stat. S. 1, 2, 186: ex Aethiopiae jugis solutas nives ad Nilum decurrere, Sen. Q. N. 4, 2, 17; so, nivem solvere, id. ib. 4, 5, 2; Ov. Am. 3, 6, 93; Sen. Herc. Oet. 729: rigor auri solvitur aestu, Lucr. 1, 493: ferrum calidi solvant camini, Manil. 4, 250: cerae igne solutae, Ov. A. A. 2, 47: Iris cum vino triduo non solvitur, Plin. 21, 20, 83, § 142: (herba) quinto die solvitur, id. 26, 14, 88, § 148.

Of putrefaction: (vitulo) per integram solvuntur viscera pellem, Verg. G. 4, 302.

Of change in general: inque novas abiit massa soluta domos, Ov. F. 1, 108: repentino crementur incendio, atque ex tantā varietate solvantur atque eant in unum omnia (sc. all the heavenly bodies), Sen. Ben. 6, 22.—( ε ) Of expansion by heat: (uva) cum modo frigoribus premitur, modo solvitur aestu, Ov. A. A. 2, 317.—( ζ ) Hence, solvere, absol., to rarefy: gravitas aëris solvitur, Sen. Q. N. 5, 5, 1.—( η ) Solvi in, to pass into, become: in cacumine (herbae) capitula purpurea quae solvantur in lanugines, Plin. 27, 8, 39, § 61.—Of a wave: donec in planitiem immotarum aquarum solvatur, disappears in, Sen. Q. N. 1, 2, 2: postremi (equi) solvuntur in aequora pisces (= solvuntur in pisces), Stat. Th. 2, 47: lumina in lacrimas solventur, stream with tears. —Hence, solvere, causative, to make pass over, to make vanish in: circulum in pulverem, in quo descriptus est, solvere, Sen. Ep. 74, 27: soluti agri, the boundaries of which are effaced, Sic. Fl. Cond. Agr. p. 3 Goes.

To consume, to destroy, dissolve: solvere orbes, Manil. 1, 497: ni calor et ventus ... interemant sensum diductaque solvant (i.e. sensum), Lucr. 3, 287: (Cato) ferrei prope corporis animique, quem ne senectus quidem, quae solvit omnia, fregerit, Liv. 39, 40, 11: si (cometae) sunt purus ignis ... nec illos conversio mundi solvit, Sen. Q. N. 7, 2, 2: (turbo) ab eo motu, qui universum trahit, solveretur, id. ib. 7, 9, 4: tabes solvit corpora, Luc. 6, 18; 7, 809: nec solum silvas, sed saxa ingentia solvit (ignis), id. 3, 506: ne tegat functos humus, ne solvat ignis, Sen. Thyest. 750.—So, vitam solvere, to extinguish life, esp. of gradual or easy death: solvas potius (vitam), quam abrumpas, dummodo, si alia solvendi ratio non erit, vel abrumpas, Sen. Ep. 22, 3: hanc mihi solvite vitam, Prop. 2, 9, 39.

Trop. To free, release, loose, emancipate, set free; constr. absol., with abl. or ab and abl.; rarely with gen. From the body, etc.: teque isto corpore solvo, Verg. A. 4, 703: solutā corpore animā, Quint. 5, 14, 13: qui solutas vinculis animas recipit, Sen. Cons. 28, 8: si animus somno relaxatus solute (i. e. free from the shackles of the body) moveatur ac libere, Cic. Div. 2, 48, 100: vocem solvere, to set free the voice, to speak, Stat. S. 3, 1; Sen. Thyest. 682; so, responsa solve (pregn. = utter and disclose), Sen. Oedip. 292: suspiria solvit, Stat. Th. 11, 604: solvat turba jocos, Sen. Med. 114: solutos Qui captat risus hominum (= quem juvat risus hominum solvere), Hor. S. 1, 4, 83: Ausonii ... versibus incomptis ludunt risuque soluto, unrestrained, free, Verg. G. 2, 386.

Of members or parts of the body: linguam solvere, to unfetter the tongue (sc. vinculis oris), to give flow to words: linguam (Juno) ad jurgia solvit, Ov. M. 3, 261: lingua devincta nec in motus varios soluta, Sen. Ira, 1, 3, 7: ut quisque contemptissimus est, ita linguae solutissimae est, id. Const. 11, 3: (fama) innumeras solvit in praeconia linguas, Luc. 1, 472. —Solvere bracchia, poet., to unfetter the arms, i. e. to move them: magna difficili solventem bracchia motu, Stat. Achill. 1, 604; cf. of the free motions of animals: columbae soluto volatu multum velociores, unrestrained flight, Plin. 10, 36, 52, § 108.

From obligations and debts: solvit me debito, Sen. Ben. 6, 4, 1: an nos debito solverit, id. Ep. 81, 3: ut religione civitas solvatur, Cic. Caecin. 34, 98; Liv. 7, 3, 9: te decem tauri ... Me tener solvet vitulus (sc. religione), Hor. C. 4, 2, 54.—So from a military oath: hoc si impetro, solvo vos jurejurando, Just. 14, 4, 7.—Sacramento or militiā solvere, to dismiss a soldier from service: sacramento solvi, Tac. A. 16, 13: cum quis propter delictum sacramento solvitur, Dig. 49, 16, 13: militiā solvere, Tac. A. 1, 44.

Munere (publico) solvere, to exempt from public duties: ut Ilienses publico munere solverentur, Tac. A. 12, 58.—With obj. inf.: ut manere solveretur, that he should be excused from the duty of remaining, Tac. A. 3, 29.

From guilt and sin, to acquit, absolve, cleanse (cf. absolvere, to acquit of crime): si ille huic (insidias fecerit), ut scelere solvamur, be held guiltless, Cic. Mil. 12, 31: atque hunc ille summus vir scelere solutum periculo liberavit, id. ib. 4, 9: sit capitis damno Roma soluta mei, Ov. F. 6, 452: ipsum quoque Pelea Phoci Caede per Haemonias solvit Acastus aquas, id. ib. 2, 40: Helenen ego crimine solvo, id. A. A. 2, 371: quid crimine solvis Germanum? Stat. Th. 11, 379: solutam caede Gradivus manum restituit armis, Sen. Herc. Fur. 1342.

From feelings, etc.: quae eos qui quaesissent curā et negotio solverent, Cic. Rep. 1, 18, 30: cum ego vos solvi curis ceteris, Ter. Hec. 2, 1, 33: senatus curā belli solutus, Plin. 22, 3, 4, § 7: pectus linquunt curā solutum, Lucr. 2, 45: his terroribus ab Epicuro soluti et in libertatem vindicati, Cic. N. D. 1, 20, 56: soluti metu, Liv. 41, 14 init.; 27, 51: solvent formidine terras, Verg. E. 4, 14: solve metu patriam, Prop. 4 (5), 6, 41: metu belli Scythas solvit, Just. 9, 2, 2; so id. 14, 2, 5: haec est Vita solutorum miserā ambitione, Hor. S. 1, 6, 129: soluti a cupiditatibus, Cic. Agr. 1, 9, 27: his concitationibus quem vacuum, solutum, liberum videris, id. Tusc. 5, 15, 43: et tu solve me dementiā, Hor. Epod. 17, 43: longo luctu, Verg. A. 2, 26: tristem juventam solve (i. e. juventam tristitiā), Sen. Hippol. 450: solvite tantis animum monstris, solvite, superi, id. Herc. Fur. 1063: Quis te solvere Thessalis Magus venenis poterit? Hor. C. 1, 27, 21. —Poet.: solvit animis miracula (for animos miraculis), the soul from superstition, Manil. 1, 103.—And of animals: rabie tigrim, Manil. 5, 707.—Absol.: ut ad praecepta quae damus possit ire animus, solvendus est (i. e. perturbationibus), Sen. Ep. 95, 38: calices, quem non fecere contractā in paupertate solutum? i. e. from cares, Hor. Ep. 1, 5, 20: solvite animos, Manil. 4, 12.—With in: vix haec in munera solvo animum, i. e. free it from passions and so make it fit for these duties, Stat. S. 5, 3, 33.

From sleep, very rare: ego somno solutus sum, awoke, Cic. Rep. 6, 26, 29 (cf.: somno solvi, to be overwhelmed by sleep, 2. β, γ infra).

From labor, business, etc.: volucres videmus ... solutas opere volitare, Cic. Or. 2, 6, 23: solutus onere regio, regni bonis fruor, Sen. Oedip. 685.—Poet.: Romulus excubias decrevit in otia solvi, to be relieved from guard and enjoy leisure, Prop. 4 (5), 4, 79.

From rigidity, austerity, stiffness, etc., to relax, smooth, unbend, quiet, soothe (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): frontem solvere disce, Mart. 14, 183: saltem ora trucesque solve genas, Stat. Th. 11, 373: solvit feros tunc ipse rictus, Sen. Herc. Fur. 797.—Poet.: solvatur fronte senectus = frons senectute (i. e. rugis), solvatur, be cleared, Hor. Epod. 13, 5: vultum risu solvit, relieves, Val. Max. 4, 3, 5: risum judicis movendo, et illos tristes affectus solvit, et animum renovat, Quint. 6, 3, 1; so, solvere judicem, unbend, excite his laughter, id. 11, 3, 3: solvere qui (potui) Curios Fabriciosque graves (sc. risu), Mart. 9, 28 (29), 4: ut tamen arctum Solveret hospitiis animum, Hor. S. 2, 6, 83: cujus non contractum sollicitudine animum illius argutiae solvant? Sen. Cons. Helv. 18, 5.

Transf., pregn.: solventur risu tabulae, i. e. the austerity of the judge will be relaxed by laughter, and the complaint dismissed, Hor. S. 2, 1, 86.—Imitated: quia si aliquid omiserimus, cum risu quoque tota res solvitur, Quint. 5, 10, 67.

From any cause of restraint. To release from siege: Bassanitas obsidione solvere, Liv. 44, 30: patriam obsidione solvere, Val. Max. 3, 2, 2.

From moral restraints: hic palam cupiditates suas solvit, gave vent to, Curt. 6, 6, 1; v. also P. a., B. 7. infra.

From laws and rules: legibus solvere. To exempt from laws, i. e. by privilege: Vopiscus, qui ex aedilitate consulatum petit, solvatur legibus, Cic. Phil. 11, 5, 11: cur M. Brutus legibus est solutus, si, etc., id. ib. 2, 13, 31: ut interea magistratus reliquos, legibus omnibus soluti, petere possetis, id. Agr. 2, 36, 99: Lurco, tribunus plebis, solutus est (et lege Aeliā et Furiā), id. Att. 1, 16, 13: solvatne legibus Scipionem, Auct. Her. 3, 2, 2: petente Flacco ut legibus solverentur, Liv. 31, 50, 8: Scipio legibus solutus est, id. Epit. 56: Licet enim, inquiunt, legibus soluti sumus, attamen legibus vivimus, Just. Inst. 2, 17, 8; cf.: ut munere vigintiviratūs solveretur, Tac. A. 3, 29.—Transf., of the laws of nature, etc.: (aestus) illo tempore, solutus legibus, sine modo fertur, Sen. Q. N. 3, 28, 6: solus (sapiens) generis humani legibus solvitur, id. Brev. Vit. 15, 5: nec leti lege solutas, Lucr. 3, 687: nec solvo Rutulos (i. e. legibus fati), Verg. A. 10, 111.

With gen. (cf. libero), perh. only in phrase testamenti solvere, to release from a testamentary disposition: et is per aes et libram heredes testamenti solveret, Cic. Leg. 2, 20, 51; 2, 21, 53 (less prop. testamenti is taken as attribute of heredes); cf. Gai. Inst. 3, 175, and Hor. C. 3, 17, 16, P. a., B. 5. fin. infra.

Legibus solutus, not subject to, released from: reus Postumus est eā lege ... solutus ac liber, i. e. the law does not apply to him, Cic. Rab. Post. 5, 12: soluti (lege Juliā) huc convenistis, ne constricti discedatis cavete, id. ib. 7, 18.—Of other laws: solutus Legibus insanis, Hor. S. 2, 6, 68: quae sedes expectent animam solutam legibus servitutis humanae, Sen. Ep. 65, 20.—Transf., of things: soluta legibus scelera sunt, unrestrained by the laws, i. e. crimes are committed with impunity, Sen. Ben. 7, 27, 1.

Of the laws of versification: numerisque fertur Lege solutis, referring to dithyrambic measures, Hor. C. 4, 2, 12 (cf. P. a., B. 11. infra).

To dissolve, separate objects which are united, to break up, dismiss. Of troops, ranks, etc.: ubi ordines procursando solvissent, Liv. 42, 65, 8: incomposito agmine, solutis ordinibus, Curt. 8, 1, 5; so id. 8, 4, 6: agmina Diductis solvere choris, Verg. A. 5, 581: solvit maniplos, Juv. 8, 154: solvuntur laudata cohors, Stat. Achill. 2, 167.—Hence, to separate armies engaged in battle: commissas acies ego possum solvere, Prop. 4 (5), 4, 59.

Of banquets, assemblies, etc.: convivio soluto, Liv. 40, 14 fin.: convivium solvit, Curt. 8, 5, 24; 8, 6, 16: Quid cessas convivia solvere? Ov. F. 6, 675: coetuque soluto Discedunt, id. M. 13, 898.—Hence, urbem (Capuam) solutam ac debilitatam reliquerunt, disfranchised, Cic. Agr. 2, 33, 91.

Of the words in discourse, orationem or versum solvere, to break up a sentence or verse: (discant) versus primo solvere, mox mutatis verbis interpretari, Quint. 1, 9, 2: quod cuique visum erit vehementer, dulciter, speciose dictum, solvat ac turbet, id. 9, 4, 14: ut partes orationis sibi soluto versu desideret et pedum proprietates, id. 1, 8, 13: non, ut si solvas Postquam discordia tetra, etc., invenias etiam disjecti membra poëtae, Hor. S. 1, 4, 60.

Implying a change for the worse. To relax, make effeminate, weaken, by ease, luxury, dissipation, etc. (post-Aug.): Hannibalem hiberna solverunt, Sen. Ep. 51, 5: usque eo nimio delicati animi languore solvuntur, Sen. Brev. Vit. 12, 6: infantiam statim deliciis solvimus, Quint. 1, 2, 6: solutus luxu, id. 3, 8, 28; so Tac. A. 11, 31.—With in and acc.: soluti in luxum, Tac. H. 2, 99: in lasciviam, id. ib. 3, 38.—Transf.: versum solvere, to deprive a verse of its proper rhythm: si quinque continuos dactylos confundas solveris versum, Quint. 9, 4, 49.

To make torpid by removing sensation. To relax, benumb the limbs or body; as by narcotics, terror, sickness, exhaustion: multaque praeterea languentia membra per artus solvunt, Lucr. 6, 798: ima Solvuntur latera, Verg. G. 3, 523: solvi debilitate corporis, paralyzed, Val. Max. 1, 7, 4: ut soluto labitur moriens gradu, Sen. Hippol. 368.—In mal. part., Hor. Epod. 12, 8; cf. Verg. G. 3, 523.—Poet.: illum aget, penna metuente solvi, Fama superstes, Hor. C. 2, 2, 7.—Of the mind: segnitia (oratoris) solvit animos, wearies, Quint. 11, 3, 52: mentes solvere, to make insane, Plin. 25, 3, 7, § 25.

By frost (poet.): solvuntur illi frigore membra, Verg. A. 12, 951; 1, 92.

By sleep (poet. for sopio): homines volucresque ferasque Solverat alta quies, Ov. M. 7, 186: corpora somnus Solverat, id. ib. 10, 369: molli languore solutus, id. ib. 11, 648; 11, 612: altoque sopore solutum, id. ib. 8, 817: somno vinoque solutos, id. F. 2, 333; Verg. A. 9, 236: ut membra solvit sopor, id. ib. 12, 867: non solvit pectora somnus, Sen. Agam. 76.—With in: solvitur in somnos, Verg. A. 4, 530.—Transf., of the sea: aequor longā ventorum pace solutum, lulled to sleep, Stat. Th. 3, 255.

By death: solvi, to die (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): ipse deus, simulatque volam, me solvet, Hor. Ep. 1, 16, 78: corporibus quae senectus solvit, Curt. 89, 32 (cf. A. 4. supra): (corpus) quam nullo negotio solvitur, Sen. Q. N. 3, 27, 2: alius inter cenandum solutus est, id. Ep. 66, 43: ubicumque arietaveris, solveris, id. Cons. Marc. 11, 3: me fata maturo exitu facilique solvant, Sen. Troad. 605: solvi inediā, Petr. 111: sic morte quasi somno soluta est, Flor. 2, 21, 11.—Hence, Of logical dissolution, to refute: non tradit Epicurus quomodo captiosa solvantur, how fallacies are refuted, Cic. Fin. 1, 7, 22: argumentum solvere, Quint. 2, 17, 34: solutum scies quod nobis opponitur, Sen. Const. 12, 3.

To disperse, dispel, as of a cloud: deorum beneficia tempestiva ingentes minas interventu suo solventia, Sen. Ben. 4, 4, 2. To loose, remove, cancel that which binds any thing. In a corporeal sense. In gen., to loose (weaker than rumpo; post-Aug.): effringere quam aperire, rumpere quam solvere putant robustius, Quint. 2, 12, 1: quā β supra). —( ε ) Esp., in certain phrases, to pay: aliquid praesens solvere, to pay in cash, Cic. Att. 16, 2, 1; so, aliquid de praesentibus solvere, Sen. Ep. 97, 16: solvere grates (= referre gratiam muneribus): Sulla solvit grates Dianae, Vell. 2, 25: quas solvere grates sufficiam? Stat. S. 4, 2, 7: cum homo avarus, ut ea (beneficia) solveret sibi imperare non posset, etc., Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 12, 1; cf.: non dicimus reposuit beneficium aut solvit; nullum nobis placuit quod aeri alieno convenit verbum, Sen. Ep. 81, 9; but v. id. Ben. 2, 18, 5: in debitum solvere, to make a partial payment: unum haec epistula in debitum solvet, id. Ep. 7, 10: aliquid solvere ab aliquo (de aliquā re), to pay out of funds supplied by any one (out of any fund): Quintus laborat ut tibi quod debet ab Egnatio solvat, Cic. Att. 7, 18, 4: homines dicere, se a me solvere, id. ib. 5, 21, 11: (summa) erat solvenda de meo, Plin. Ep. 2, 4, 2: operas solvere alicui, to work for somebody, Dig. 40, 7, 39: solvo operam Dianae, I work for Diana, i. e. offer a sacrifice to her, Afran. ap. Non. 12, 21: judicatum solvere, to pay the amount adjudged by the court, for which security (satisdatio) was required: stipulatio quae appellatur judicatum solvi, Gai. Inst. 4, 90: iste postulat ut procurator judicatum solvi satisdaret, Cic. Quint. 7, 29; so Dig. 3, 2, 28; 3, 3, 15; 2, 8, 8; 2, 8, 14 et saep.: auctio solvendis nummis, a cash auction, Mart. 14, 35.—Gerund.: solvendo esse, to be solvent; jurid. t. t., to be able to pay, i. e. one's debts; cf. in full: nec tamen solvendo aeri alieno respublica esset, Liv. 31, 13: nemo dubitat solvendo esse eum qui defenditur, Dig. 50, 17, 105: qui modo solvendo sint, Gai. Inst. 1, 3, 121: si solvendo sint, Paul. Sent. 1, 20, 1: nec interest, solvendo sit, necne, Dig. 30, 1, 49, § 5; so ib. 46, 1, 10; 46, 1, 27, § 2; 46, 1, 51, §§ 1 and 4; 46, 1, 52, § 1; 46, 1, 28; 50, 17, 198 et saep.: non solvendo esse, to be insolvent: solvendo non erat, Cic. Att. 13, 10, 3: cum solvendo civitates non essent, id. Fam. 3, 8, 2: tu nec solvendo eras, nec, etc., id. Phil. 2, 2, 4: ne videatur non fuisse solvendo, id. Off. 2, 22, 79; and very freq. in the jurists.—So, trop.: quid matri, quid flebili patriae dabis? Solvendo non es, Sen. Oedip. 941; cf.: *non esse ad solvendum (i. e. able to pay), Vitr. 10, 6 fin.To fulfil the duty of burial. Justa solvere; with dat. of the person: qui nondum omnia paterno funeri justa solvisset, who had not yet finished the burial ceremonies of his father, Cic. Rosc. Am. 8, 23: justis defunctorum corporibus solutis, Curt. 3, 12, 15: proinde corpori quam primum justa solvamus, id. 10, 6, 7: ut justa soluta Remo, Ov. F. 5, 452: nunc justa nato solve, Sen. Hippol. 1245.

Exsequias, inferias or suprema solvere: exsequiis rite solutis, Verg. A. 7, 5: cruor sancto solvit inferias viro, Sen. Hippol. 1198: solvere suprema militibus, Tac. A. 1, 61.

Votum solvere, to fulfil a vow to the gods. Alone: vota ea quae numquam solveret nuncupavit, Cic. Phil. 3, 4, 11: quod si factum esset, votum rite solvi non posse, Liv. 31, 9 fin.: liberare et se et rempublicam religione votis solvendis, id. 40, 44, 8: placatis diis votis rite solvendis, id. 36, 37 fin.: petiit ut votum sibi solvere liceret, id. 45, 44: animosius a mercatore quam a vectore solvitur votum, Sen. Ep. 73, 5: vota pro incolumitate solvebantur, Tac. A. 2, 69: vota pater solvit, Ov. M. 9, 707: ne votum solvat, Mart. 12, 91, 6; 8, 4, 2; Val. Max. 6, 9, 5 ext.; 1, 1, 8 ext.—Poet.: voti debita solvere, Ov. F. 5, 596; cf. the abbrev. formula V. S. L. M. (voTVM SOLVIT LIBENS MERITO), Inscr. Orell. 186; 1296 sq.: V.S.A.L. (ANIMO LIBENTI), ib. 2022 et saep.: sacra solvere (=votum solvere), Manil. 1, 427.

With dat.: ait sese Veneri velle votum solvere, Plaut. Rud. prol. 60: vota Jovi solvo, Ov. M. 7, 652; 8, 153: sunt vota soluta deae, id. F. 6, 248: dis vota solvis, Sen. Ben. 5, 19, 4: libamenta Veneri solvere (=votum per libamenta), Just. 18, 5, 4.

Fidem solvere, to fulfil a promise (post-class. for fidem praestare, exsolvere; cf.: fidem obligatam liberare, Suet. Claud. 9): illi, ut fidem solverent, clipeis obruere, Flor. 1, 1, 12; similarly: et voti solverat ille fidem (=votum solverat), Ov. F. 1, 642; but cf.: itane imprudens? tandem inventa'st causa: solvisti fidem, you have found a pretext to evade your promise (cf. II. A. 3.), Ter. And. 4, 1, 18: esset, quam dederas, morte soluta fides, by my death your promise to marry me would have been cancelled (cf. II. B. 1. 6.), Ov. H. 10, 78; similarly: suam fidem (i. e. quam Lepido habuerit) solutam esse, that his faith in Lepidus was broken, Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 21, 3.—With a different construction: se depositi fide solvere, to acquit one's self of the duty to return property intrusted to him (cf. I. B. 1. c.), Val. Max. 7, 3, 5 ext.: factique fide data munera solvit, he freed the gift already given from the obligation of an accomplished fact, i. e. he revoked the gifts, although already made, Ov. M. 11, 135.

Promissum solvere, to fulfil a promise (very rare): perinde quasi promissum solvens, Val. Max. 9, 6, 1: solvitur quod cuique promissum est, Sen. Cons. Marc. 20 fin.; similarly: solutum, quod juraverant, rebantur, what they had promised under oath, Liv. 24, 18, 5.—Hence, sŏlūtus, a, um, P. a., free, loose, at large, unfettered, unbandaged. Lit. (Acc. to I.A. 1. supra.) Pigeat nostrum erum si eximat aut solutos sinat, Plaut. Capt. 2, 1, 11: tibi moram facis quom ego solutus sto, id. Ep. 5, 2, 25: reus solutus causam dicis, testes vinctos attines, id. Truc. 4, 3, 63: cum eos vinciret quos secum habebat, te solutum Romam mittebat? Cic. Deiot. 7, 22: nec quisquam ante Marium solutus dicitur esse sectus, unbandaged, id. Tusc. 2, 22, 53: duos (captivos) solutos ire ad Hannibalem jussit, Liv. 27, 51: eum interdiu solutum custodes sequebantur, nocte clausum asservabant, id. 24, 45, 10: non efficiatis ut solutos verear quos alligatos adduxit, Val. Max. 6, 2, 3.

(Acc. to I. A. 2.) Of texture, etc.; esp. of soil, loose, friable (opp spissus; postAug.): quo solutior terra facilius pateat radicibus, Sen. Ep. 90, 21; ordeum nisi solutum et siccum locum non patitur, Col. 2, 9: soluta et facilis terra, id. 3, 14; solum solutum vel spissum, id. 2, 2 init.; seri vult raphanus terrā solutā, umidā, Plin. 19, 5, 26, § 83: hordeum seri non vult, nisi in siccā et solutā terrā, id. 18, 7, 18, § 79: solutiores ripae, Front. Aquaed. 15.—Of plants: mas spissior, femina solutior, Plin. 25, 9, 57, § 103.—Hence, subst.: sŏlūtum, i, n., a state of looseness: dum vult describere, quem ad modum alia torqueantur fila, alia ex molli solutoque ducantur, Sen. Ep. 90, 20.

(Acc. to I. A. 3.) Rarefied, thin, diffused: turbo, quo celsior eo solutior laxiorque est, et ob hoc diffunditur, Sen. Q. N. 7, 9, 3: aër agitatus a sole calefactusque solutior est, id. ib. 1, 2, 10: debet aër nec tam spissus esse, nec tam tenuis et solutus, ut, etc., id. ib. 1, 2, 11.

Trop. (Acc. to I. B. 1.) Of speech, unfettered, fluent, ready: (orator) solutus in explicandis sententiis, Cic. Or. 47, 173: verbis solutus satis, id. ib. 47, 174: solutissimus in dicendo, id. ib. 48, 180.

Exempt, free from duties, obligations, etc.: quam ob rem viderer maximis beneficii vinculis obstrictus, cum liber essem et solutus? Cic. Planc. 30, 72: soluta (praedia) meliore in causā sunt quam obligata, unmortgaged, id. Agr. 3, 2, 9: si reddidi (debitum), solutus sum ac liber, Sen. Ben. 2, 18, 5; non ut gratus, sed ut solutus sim, id. ib. 4, 21, 3; solutus omni fenore, Hor. Epod. ε supra.) Paid, discharged, only as subst.: sŏlūtum, i, n., that which is paid, a discharged debt, in certain phrases: aliquid in solutum dare, to give something in payment, Dig. 46, 3, 45; 46, 3, 46; 46, 3, 60: in solutum accipere, to accept in payment: qui voluntatem bonam in solutum accipit, Sen. Ben. 7, 16, 4: qui rem in solutum accipit, Dig. 42, 4, 15; 12, 1, 19; in solutum imputare, to charge as payment, Sen. Ep. 8, 10; aliquid pro soluto est, is considered as paid or cancelled: pro soluto id in quo creditor accipiendo moram fecit, oportet esse, Dig. 46, 3, 72: pro soluto usucapere, to acquire by prescription something given in payment by the debtor, but not belonging to him: pro soluto usucapit qui rem debiti causā recepit, Dig. 41, 3, 46.—Adv.: sŏlūtē. Thinly: corpora diffusa solute, Lucr. 4, 53.

Of speech, fluently: non refert videre quid dicendum est, nisi id queas solute ac suaviter dicere, Cic. Brut. 29, 110: ita facile soluteque volvebat sententias, id. ib. 81, 280: quid ipse compositus alias, et velut eluctantium verborum, solutius promptiusque eloquebatur, Tac. A. 4, 31.

Irregularly, loosely: a fabris neglegentius solutiusque composita, Sen. Q. N. 6, 30, 4.

Freely, without restraint: generaliter puto judicem justum ... solutius aequitatem sequi, i. e. without strictly regarding the letter of the law, Dig. 11, 7, 14, § 13.

Of style, without connection, loosely: enuntiare, Quint. 11, 2, 47.

Of manners and discipline, disorderly, negligently: praecipue sub imperio Cn. Manlii solute ac neglegenter habiti sunt (exercitus), Liv. 39, 1, 4: in stationibus solute ac neglegenter agentes, id. 23, 37, 6.

Weakly, tamely, without vigor: quod ille tam solute egisset, tam leniter, tam oscitanter, Cic. Brut. 80, 277.

Of morals, loosely, without restraint: ventitabat illuc Nero, quo solutius urbem extra lasciviret, Tac. A. 13, 47.