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Lewis : squaleo

squaleo, squālĕo, ŭi, 2, v. n. squalor, to be stiff or rough with any thing, etc. (mostly poet. and in post-Aug. prose; cf. sordeo). Lit. In gen.: squalentes infode conchas, i. e. rough, Verg. G. 2, 348: per tunicam squalentem auro, id. A. 10, 314; cf.: auro squalens lorica, id. ib. 12, 87: maculis auro squalentibus, id. G. 4, 91; Sil. 2, 585: picti squalentia terga lacerti, Verg. G. 4, 13: squalentia tela venenis, Ov. F. 5, 397.

In partic. To be stiff or rough from dryness or drought, to be dry, parched: squalebant pulvere fauces, Luc. 9, 503: oraque projecta squalent arentia linguā, id. 4, 755: tellus squalet, Sil. 14, 592.—Hence, Of lands, etc., to be desert, untilled, waste: squalentes campi, Sil. 3, 655; 4, 376: squalens litus, Tac. A. 15, 42: squalentia arva Libyes, Luc. 1, 205; 5, 39: sterilis profundi vastitas squalet soli, Sen. Herc. Fur. 697.

To be stiff or rough from slovenliness or want of care; to be filthy, neglected, squalid: squalenti Dido comā, Ov. F. 3, 640: squalens barba, Verg. A. 2, 277: crines squalent a pulvere effuso, Sil. 2, 452: barba cruore, id. 10, 512: vestes squalentes atro pulvere, Luc. 8, 37: neque ego arma squalere situ ac rubigine velim, sed fulgorem inesse, Quint. 10, 1, 30; Gell. 9, 4, 2: mihi supellex squalet atque aedes meae, Plaut. Pers. 4, 8, 2: invidiae nigro squalentia tabo Tecta petit, Ov. M. 2, 760; cf. id. ib. 15, 627: squalent abductis arva colonis, lie untilled, Verg. G. 1, 507; cf. 1. β, supra.

Transf., to mourn in filthy or squalid garments (cf. sordes and sordidatus; in Cic. only so): erat in luctu senatus: squalebat civitas publico consilio mutatā veste, Cic. Sest. 14, 32: luget senatus, maeret equester ordo, tota civitas confecta senio est, squalent municipia, afflictantur coloniae, id. Mil. 8, 20. —P. a. as subst.: squālĕntĭa, ōrum, n., deserts, Plin. 5, 9, 10, § 52.