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Lewis : suspendo

suspendo, suspendo, di, sum, 3, v. a. sus, from subs, for sub; v. sub, III., and pendo, to hang up, hang, suspend (freq. and class.). Lit. In gen.: pernas suspendito in vento biduum ... suspendito in fumo biduum ... suspendito in carnario, Cato, R. R. 162, 3: aliquid in fumo, Plin. 30, 4, 11, § 31: suspensae in litore vestes, Lucr. 1, 305: religata ad pinnam muri reste suspensus, Liv. 8, 16, 9: oscilla ex altā pinu, Verg. G. 2, 389: columbam malo ab alto, id. A. 5, 489: tignis nidum suspendat hirundo, id. G. 4, 307: habilem arcum umeris, id. A. 1, 318: stamina telā, Ov. M. 6, 576: aliquid collo, Plin. 37, 9, 40, § 124: (ranae) suspensae pedibus, id. 32, 8, 29, § 92; Col. 7, 10, 3: aliquid e collo, Plin. 23, 7, 63, § 125: allium super prunas, id. 19, 6, 34, § 115: vitem sub ramo, id. 17, 23, 35, § 209: cocleam in fumo, id. 30, 4, 11, § 31: aliquid lance, to weigh, Pert. 4, 10; cf.: in trutinā Homerum, Juv. 6, 438: suspendi a jugulis suis gladios obsecrantes, Amm. 17, 12, 16: se suspendit fenestrā, i. e. to look out, App. M. p. 148, 6.—Poet.: nec sua credulitas piscem suspenderat hamo, had hung, caught, Ov. M. 15, 101.—In a Greek construction: (pueri) laevo suspensi loculos tabulamque lacerto, with their satchels hanging on their arms, Hor. S. 1, 6, 74; id. Ep. 1, 1, 56.

In partic. Pregn., of persons. To choke to death by hanging, to hang (cf.: suffoco, strangulo): capias restim ac te suspendas, Plaut. Poen. 1, 2, 184; cf. id. Pers. 5, 2, 34: nisi me suspendo, occidi, id. Rud. 5, 3 59: se suspendere, id. Trin. 2, 4, 135; Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 56, § 129; id. Att. 13, 40, 1: caput obnubito: arbori infelici suspendito, Lex. ap. Cic. Rab. Perd. 4, 13; Liv. 1, 26, 6: uxorem suam suspendisse se de ficu, Cic. de Or. 2, 69, 278: se e ficu, Quint. 6, 3, 88: hominem in oleastro, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 23, § 57: more vel intereas capti suspensus Achaei, Ov. Ib. 297: aliquem in furcā, Dig. 48, 13, 6; cf.: virgines, quae corporibus suspensis demortuae forent, Gell. 15, 10, 2.

To hang at the whipping-post; pass., to be flogged, Amm. 15, 7, 4.

Of offerings in a temple, to hang up, dedicate, consecrate: votas vestes, Verg. A. 12, 769; cf. id. ib. 9, 408: arma capta patri Quirino, id. ib. 6, 859: vestimenta maris deo, Hor. C. 1, 5, 15: insignia, Tib. 2, 4, 23.

Esp., of buildings, to build upon arches or vaults, to arch or vault: primus balneola suspendit, Cic. Fragm. ap. Non. 194, 14; cf. id. Top. 4, 22: pavimenta, Pall. 1, 20, 2: cameras harundinibus, to arch over, Plin. 16, 36, 64, § 156: castra saxis praeruptis, to build on, Sil. 3, 556: velabra, Amm. 14, 6, 25: duo tigna ... suspenderent eam contignationem, propped up, supported, Caes. B. C. 2, 9, 2; cf. id. ib. § 5.

Transf. (with esp. reference to the thing beneath), to prop up, hold up, support: muro suspenso furculis, Liv. 38, 7, 9: agentem ex imo rimas insulam, Sen. Ben. 6, 15, 5: tellus ligneis columnis suspenditur, Plin. 33, 4, 21, § 68: dolia subjectis parvis tribus lapidibus suspenduntur, Col. 12, 18, 6; cf. id. 2, 15, 6; 3, 13, 8: orbis Libycos Indis dentibus, tables with ivory feet, Mart. 2, 43, 9: cum terra levis virgultaque molem suspendant, Luc. 3, 397; Petr. 135: pes summis digitis suspenditur, is raised on tiptoe, Quint. 11, 3, 125.

Esp., of ploughing, etc., to lift up, raise: si non fuerit tellus fecunda ... tenui sat erit suspendere sulco, Verg. G. 1, 68: ripas ... litora multo vomere suspendere, Stat. Th. 4, 181; cf.: vineam in summā terrā suspendere, Col. 3, 13.

Trop.; pass. suspendi, to depend, rest, etc. In gen. (very rare): extrinsecus aut bene aut male vivendi suspensas habere rationes, dependent upon externals, Cic. Fam. 5, 13, 1: cui viro ex se ipso apta sunt omnia, nec suspensa aliorum aut bono casu aut contrario pendere, etc., id. Tusc. 5, 12, 36: genus, ex quo ceterae species suspensae sunt, Sen. Ep. 58, 7: numquam crediderim felicem ex felicitate suspensum, id. ib. 98, 1.

In partic., to cause to be suspended, i. e., To make uncertain or doubtful, to keep in suspense: medio responso rem suspenderunt, Liv. 39, 29, 1: illa Suspendit animos fictā gravitate rogantum, Ov. M. 7, 308: ea res omnium animos exspectatione suspenderat, Curt. 9, 7, 20: aliquem exspectatione, Plin. Ep. 2, 20, 3: diu judicum animos, Quint. 9, 2, 22; cf.: senatum ambiguis responsis, Suet. Tib. 24: suspensa ac velut dubitans oratio, Quint. 10, 7, 22: exspectationem, Curt. 7, 4, 14; cf. infra, in the P. a.To stay, stop, check, interrupt, suspend (syn. supprimo): nec jam suspendere fletum Sustinet, Ov. F. 4, 849: lacrimas, id. Am. 1, 7, 57: spiritum, Quint. 1, 8, 1: sermonem, Quint. 11, 3, 35 sq.: fluxiones oculorum, Plin. 28, 7, 21, § 73: epiphoras, id. 25, 12, 91, § 143: causas morbi, Veg. Vet. 3, 65, 5: gressum, id. ib. 2, 55, 3: manum tuam, id. ib. 2, 40, 3; cf. P. a. 2. infra.

* To hang or fix upon something: suspendit pictā vultum mentemque tabellā, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 97.

Aliquem or aliquid naso (adunco), to turn up one's nose at, to sneer at a person or thing (Horatian): naso suspendis adunco Ignotos, Hor. S. 1, 6, 5: Balatro suspendens omnia naso, id. ib. 2, 8, 64.

Of a temporary removal from office, to suspend: duobus hunc (episcopum) mensibus, Greg. M. Ep. 3, 46: ab officio suspensus, id. ib.—Hence, suspen-sus, a, um, P. a. Lit. (mostly poet. and in post-Aug-prose). Raised, elerated, suspended: Roma cenaculis sublata atque suspensa, Cic. Agr. 2, 35, 96; so, saxis suspensam hanc aspice rupem, Verg. A. 8, 190: equi illi Neptunii, qui per undas currus suspensos rapuisse dicuntur, Poët. ap. Cic. Tusc. 2, 27, 67; cf.: vel mare per medium fluctu suspensa tumenti Ferret iter, skimming lightly over the waters, Verg. A. 7, 810: (corus) suspensum in terras portat mare, raised on high, Sil. 1, 470: suspensis auribus, Prop. 3, 6 (4, 5), 8: aura suspensa levisque, Lucr. 3, 196: terra, loosened, loose, Col. 11, 3, 54: suspensissimum pastinatum, id. 3, 13, 7: (oliva) inicitur quam mundissimis molis suspensis ne nucleus frangatur, id. 12, 51, 2, and 54, 2: radix suspensa pariter et mersa, Plin. Ep. 8, 20, 6: suspensum inter nubila corpus, Sil. 12, 94; 1, 470: loco ab umore suspenso, Pall. 1, 40, 1: alituum suspensa cohors, Sen. Phoen. 77.

Transf., suspended, i. e. pressing or touching lightly, light: suspenso gradu placide ire perrexi, on tiptoe, Ter. Phorm. 5, 6, 28; so, gradu, Ov. F. 1, 426; 6, 338; cf.: evagata noctu suspenso pede, Phaedr. 2, 4, 18: pedes, Sen. Contr. 1 praef. fin.: suspensa levans digitis vestigia primis, Verg. Cir. 212: vestigia, Sil. 15, 617: suspensā manu commendare aliquem, slightly, Plin. Ep. 6, 12, 1: suspensis dentibus, Lucr. 5, 1069: suspensis passibus, Amm. 14, 2, 31: molis suspensis, Col. 12, 51, 2; 12, 54, 2.

Trop. Uncertain, hovering, doubtful, wavering, hesitating, in suspense, undetermined, anxious (the predom. and class. signif.; syn.: incertus, dubius): nolo suspensam et incertam plebem Romanam obscurā spe et caecā exspectatione pendere, Cic. Agr. 2, 25, 66; cf.: civitas suspensa metu, id. ib. 1, 8, 23: suspensum me tenes, id. Att. 10, 1, 2: maneo Thessalonicae suspensus, id. ib. 3, 8, 2; Hirt. B. G. 8, 43: tot populos inter spem metumque suspensos animi habetis, Liv. 8, 13: suspensus animus et sollicitus, Cic. Att. 2, 18, 1: suspenso animo exspectare, quod quis agat, id. ib. 4, 15, 10: animus, id. de Or. 1, 56, 239; id. Fam. 16, 3, 2; id. Verr. 2, 5, 6, § 14: animus suspensus curis majoribus, id. Phil. 7, 1, 1: auditā inspectāque re, omnia sus