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Lewis : taeter

taeter taeter (less correctly tēter), tra, trum, adj. perh. from taedet. Physically, offensive, foul, noisome, shocking, hideous, loathsome (class.; syn.: foedus, putidus). Absol.: taetra et immanis belua, Cic. Tusc. 4, 20, 45: odor ex multitudine cadaverum, Caes. B. C. 3, 49: cadavera, Lucr. 2, 415: aut foedā specie taetri turpesque videntur, id. 2, 421: sapor, id. 6, 22: absinthia, id. 1, 936: ulcera, id. 5, 995; 5, 1126; 4, 172; 6, 976: cruor, Verg. A. 10, 727: spiritus, Hor. C. 3, 11, 19; Luc. 1, 618: loca taetra, inculta, foeda atque formidolosa, Sall. C. 52, 13; cf.: taetris tenebris et caligine, Cic. Agr 2, 17, 44: alter, o dii boni, quam taeter mcedebat, quam truculentus, quam terribilis aspectu! id. Sest. 8, 19; cf.: vultus naturā horridus ac taeter, Suet. Calig. 50; Juv. 10, 191: hanc tam taetram, tam horribilem tamque infestam rei publicae pestem toties jam effugimus, Cic. Cat. 1, 5, 11.

Comp.: aliis aliud retro quoque taetrius esset Naribus, etc., Lucr. 2, 510.

Sup.: taeterrima hiems, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 15, 1.

With abl.: foedā specie taetri, Lucr. 2, 421; cf.: mulier taeterrima vultu, Juv. 6, 418.—As subst.: taetrum, i, n., offensiveness: quae profluentia necessario taetri essent aliquid habitura, Cic. N. D. 2, 56, 141.

Mentally or morally. In gen. Of persons, horrid, hideous, repulsive, shameful, disgraceful, abominable, etc. (syn.: immanis, turpis): taeter et ferus homo, Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 13, 2.—Sup.: quid ais tu, hominum omnium taeterrume? Plaut. Most. 3, 1, 65: quamquam es omni diritate atque immanitate taeterrimus, Cic. Vatin. 3, 9: quis taetrior hostis huic civitati, id. Cael. 6, 13: qui in eum fuerat taeterrimus, id. Tusc. 1, 40, 96.

Of things: postquam discordia taetra Belli ferratos postes portasque refregit, Enn. ap. Serv. Verg. A. 7, 622 (Ann. v. 270 Vahl.): libido, Hor. S. 1, 2, 33: facinus, Cic. Off. 3, 29, 95: prodigia, Liv. 22, 9.—Comp.: quibus (sc. cupiditatibus) nihil taetrius nec foedius excogitari potest, Cic. Off. 3, 8, 36: nullum vitium taetrius est, quam avaritia, id. ib. 2, 22, 77. —Sup.: taeterrimum bellum, Cic. Fam. 10, 14, 2.

Esp., neutr. as adv., horridly, horribly, etc.: taetrum flagrat ... Horror conscius, Prud. Cath. 4, 22.—Hence, adv.: taetrē, foully, shockingly, hideously, Cato ap. Charis. p. 196 P.; Cic. Div. 1, 9.—Sup., Cic. Att. 7, 12, 2.