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Lewis : Babylon

Babylon, Băbylōn, ōnis, f. (gen. Gr. Babylonos, Claud. IV. Cons. Hon. 653; acc. Gr. Babylona, Prop. 3 (4), 11, 21; Mart. 9, 76; Plin. 6, 26, 30, §§ 120 and 124), = Βαβυλών, Babylon, the ancient and renowned chief city of Babylonia, on both sides of the Euphrates, whose ruins are found at Hille, in Irak Arabi, Mel. 1, 11, 2; Plin. 6, 26, 30, § 121 sq.; Curt. 5, 6, 9; Cic. Div. 1, 23, 47; 2, 67, 139; Ov. P. 2, 4, 27; Nep. Eum. 2, 1; Vitr. 8, 3, 8; Vulg. Gen. 10, 10.

Derivv. Băbylō-nĭa, ae, f., = Βαβυλωνία . The Syrian province, named after its capital, Babylon, between the Euphrates and Tigris, Babylonia; in a more extended sense, sometimes used for all Syria, Assyria, and Mesopotamia; now Irak Arabi, Mel. 1, 11, 1; Plin. 6, 26, 30, § 117 sqq.; Curt. 5, 1, 43; 8, 3, 17; Just. 20, 4, 3; Vulg. 1 Macc. 6, 4.

For Babylon, the city Babylon, Just. 1, 2, 7; 12, 13, 6; cf. Liv. 38, 17, 11; Plin. 6, 26, 30, § 122; Curt. 4, 6, 20.

Băbylōnĭus, a, um, adj., Babylonian (pertaining as well to the city Babylon as to Babylonia): miles, Plaut. Truc. 2, 5, 19: Euphrates, Ov. M. 2, 248: moenia, Luc. 6, 50: arx, Curt. 5, 1, 25: Seleucia, situated in Babylonia, Plin. 6, 27, 31, §§ 129 and 133: juncus (produced in the region of Babylon, of particular excellence), id. 21, 18, 72, § 120.—Subst.: Băbylōnĭi, ōrum, m., the Babylonians, Cic. Div. 2, 46; Curt. 5, 1, 25; 5, 1, 38; Just. 13, 4, 23; Vulg. 4 Reg. 17, 30 al.

In fem. sing. Babylonia, a Babylonian woman, Ov. M. 4, 44; 4, 99.—And, since Babylonia was the primitive seat of astronomy and astrology, Babylonii numeri, Hor. C. 1, 11, 2 (cf. Cic. Div. 2, 47. 98: Chaldaicae rationes); and appel. for skilled in astronomy and astrology: me creat Archytae suboles Babylonius Horops, Prop. 4 (5), 1, 77.

Băbylōnĭcus, a, um, adj., = Babylonius, Babylonian: peristromata (skilfully woven and inwrought with figures; cf. Plin. 8, 48, 74, § 196); Plaut. Stich. 2, 2, 53; so, picta superbe texta, Mart. 8, 28, 17.—Hence, subst.: Băbylōnĭca, ōrum (more rare in sing. Băbylōnĭ-cum, i, Publ. Syr. ap. Petr. 35, 3), n., Babylonian coverings or tapestry, Lucr. 4, 1026; so Dig. 34, 2, 26; cf. Fest. s. v. solla, p. 298 Müll.: pelles, coming from Babylonia (a tribute in the time of the emperors), Dig. 39, 4, 16, § 7.—With reference to astrology (cf. II. B.): doctrina, Lucr. 5, 726.

Băbylōnĭensis, e, adj., = Babylonius, Babylonian (only in Plaut.): miles, Truc. 1, 1, 66; 1, 2, 100; 2, 4, 38.

Băbylō-nĭăcus, a, um, adj., = Babylonius, Babylonian: undae, i. e. the Euphrates, Manil. 4, 578.