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Lewis : tollo

tollo, tollo, sustŭli, sublātum, 3, v. a. (perf. tollit, Pers. 4, 2: tollisse, Dig. 46, 4, 13) [root Sanscr. tul-, tulajāmi, lift up, weigh; Gr. ταλ-, τελ, in τλῆναι, τάλαντον· cf.: tuli, tlātus (latus), tolerare], to lift or take up, to raise, always with the predom. idea of motion upwards or of removal from a former situation. To lift up, raise up, elevate, exalt, etc. (syn.: effero, elevo). Lit. In gen.: unus erit quem tu tolles in caerula caeli templa, Enn. ap. Varr. L. L. 7, § 6 Müll. (Ann. v. 66 Vahl.): pileum ad caelum tollit, Plaut. Fragm. ap. Non. 220, 15: fulgor ibi ad caelum se tollit, Lucr. 2, 325; for which also: aliquem tollere in caelum, Cic. Phil. 11, 10, 24: quem (Herculem) in caelum ista ipsa sustulit fortitudo, id. Tusc. 4, 22, 50; id. Rep. 1, 16, 25: tollam ego ted in collum, Plaut. Bacch. 3, 6, 42: Phaëthon optavit, ut in currum patris tolleretur: sublatus est, Cic. Off. 3, 25, 94; cf. id. N. D. 3, 31, 76: aliquem in equum, id. Deiot. 10, 28: quos in crucem sustulit, id. Verr. 2, 1, 3, § 7: aliquem in crucem, id. ib. 2, 1, 5, § 13: aquila in sublime sustulit testudinem, Phaedr. 2, 6, 4: in arduos Tollor Sabinos, Hor. C. 3, 4, 22 et saep.: ut me hic jacentem aliquis tollat, Plaut. Ps. 5, 1, 2; so, jacentes, id. Most. 1, 4, 17: mulum suum tollebat Fufius, lifted up, raised up, Varr. ap. Plin. 7, 20, 19, § 83: nequeo caput tollere, Plaut. Truc. 2, 6, 45: sustulimus manus et ego et Balbus, Cic. Fam. 7, 5, 2: manus, id. Verr. 2, 4, 3, § 5: gradum, Plaut. Bacch. 3, 6, 6: scorpius caudā sublatā, Lucil. ap. Non. 385, 31: lubrica convolvit sublato pectore terga (coluber), Verg. A. 2, 474: terrā, Ov. M. 15, 192: de terrā, Cic. Caecin. 21, 60: se tollere a terrā, id. Tusc. 5, 13, 37: ignis e speculā sublatus, id. Verr. 2, 5, 35, § 93.

In partic. Tollere liberos, to take up, i. e. to accept, acknowledge; and so, to raise up, bring up, educate as one's own (from the custom of laying new-born children on the ground at the father's feet; cf. suscipio): quod erit natum, tollito, Plaut. Am. 1, 3, 3: puerum, id. Men. prol. 33; Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 21, 42 (Trag. v. 67 Vahl.): natum filium, Quint. 4, 2, 42: nothum, id. 3, 6, 97: puellam, Ter. Heaut. 4, 1, 15; cf. id. And. 1, 3, 14.—Also of the mother: si quod peperissem, id educarem ac tollerem, Plaut. Truc. 2, 4, 45.

Transf., in gen., to get, beget a child: qui ex Fadiā sustulerit liberos, Cic. Phil. 13, 10, 23: decessit morbo aquae intercutis, sublato filio Nerone ex Agrippinā, Suet. Ner. 5 fin. — Nautical t. t.: tollere ancoras, to lift the anchor, weigh anchor; esp. in part. pass.: sublatis ancoris, Caes. B. G. 4, 23; id. B. C. 1, 31; Liv. 22, 19, 6.

Transf. out of the nautical sphere, to break up, proceed: si vultis ancoras tollere, Varr. R. R. 3, 17, 1.

To build, raise, erect: tollam altius tectum, Cic. Har. Resp. 15, 33: si juxta habeas aedificia, eaque jure tuo altius tollas, Dig. 39, 2, 26.

To take on board, carry, of vessels or vehicles: navem, metretas quae trecentas tolleret, parasse, Plaut. Merc. 1, 1, 75: naves, quae equites sustulerant, Caes. B. G. 4, 28: altera navis ducentos ex legione tironum sustulerat, id. B. C. 3, 28; Auct. B. Afr. 54: tollite me, Teucri, Verg. A. 3, 601: ut se sublatum in lembum ad Cotym deveheret, Liv. 45, 6, 2: Maecenas me tollere raedā vellet, Hor. S. 2, 6, 42: Talem te Bacchus ... sustulit in currus, Ov. A. A. 3, 157.

Trop. To raise, lift, lift up, elevate, set up, etc.: tollitur in caelum clamor exortus utrimque, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 1 (Ann. v. 422 Vahl.): clamorem in caelum, Verg. A. 11, 745: clamores ad sidera, id. ib. 2, 222; cf.: clamor magnus se tollit ad auras, rises, id. ib. 11, 455: clamor a vigilibus tollitur, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 43, § 94: clamorem, Flor. 3, 8, 6: cachinnum, Cic. Fat. 5, 10: risum, Hor. A. P. 381: litterulae meae tui desiderio oblanguerunt: hac tamen epistulā oculos paulum sustulerunt, have opened their eyes again, have reanimated them, Cic. Fam. 16, 10, 2.—Esp. with animos: ne in secunda tollere animos et in mala demittere, to elevate, Lucil. ap. Non. 286, 6: animos, Plaut. Truc. 2, 8, 10; Ter. Hec. 3, 5, 57: animos alicui, to raise, excite, animate, Liv. 3, 67, 6: nec dubium est quin omnis Hispania sublatura animos fuerit, id. 35, 1, 3; opp. abicere animos, Sen. Ben. 3, 28, 7: aliquid dicendo augere et tollere altius (opp. extenuare et abicere), Cic. de Or. 3, 26, 104: ad caelum te tollimus verissimis ac justissimis laudibus, id. Fam. 15, 9, 1: monumentum illud, quod tu tollere laudibus solebas, id. Att. 4, 16, 8 (14): nostras laudes in astra, id. ib. 2, 25, 1: Daphnim tuum ad astra, Verg. E. 5, 51: tergeminis tollere honoribus, Hor. C. 1, 1, 8: vos Tempe tollite laudibus, id. ib. 1, 21, 9 (cf. also Brut. ap. Cic. Fam. 11, 20, 1; v. infra, II. A. 2.): supra modum se tollens oratio, Quint. 4, 2, 61; cf.: se eadem geometria tollit ad rationem usque mundi, id. 1, 10, 46; 1, 2, 26: amicum Tollere (i. q. consolari), to cheer up, console, Hor. S. 2, 8, 61.

To take on one, assume, bear, endure: providere non solum quid oneris in praesentia tollant, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 1, § 1: at Apollodorus poenas sustulit, id. N. D. 3, 33, 82.

To take up a thing from its place, to take away, remove, to bear or carry away, make way with, take away with one (syn.: aufero, adimo). Lit. In gen.: frumentum de areā, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 14, § 36: solem e mundo tollere videntur, qui amicitiam e vitā tollunt, id. Lael. 13, 47: ut aliquis nos deus ex hac hominum frequentiā tolleret, id. ib. 23, 87: simulacra ex delubris, id. Div. in Caecil. 1, 3; so, pecunias e fano, Caes. B. C. 3, 105: sphaeram ex urbe (Syracusis), Cic. Rep. 1, 14, 21: praedam, Caes. B. G. 7, 14: posita, id. ib. 6, 17: patinam, Hor. S. 1, 3, 80; cf.: his sublatis, id. ib. 2, 8, 10: mensam tolli jubet, Cic. Pis. 27, 67: me per hostes Denso paventem sustulit aëre, Hor. C. 2, 7, 14: jubet sublata reponi Pocula, Verg. A. 8, 175: cuncta, id. ib. 8, 439: tecum me tolle per undas, id. ib. 6, 370: me quoque tolle simul, Ov. M. 11, 441: tollite me, Libyes, comitem poenaeque necisque, Sil. 6, 500.

In partic. Pregn., to take off, carry off, make away with, to kill, destroy, ruin, etc.: aliquem de medio, Cic. Rosc. Am. 7, 20: aliquem e medio, Liv. 24, 6, 1: aliquem ferro, veneno, Cic. N. D. 3, 33, 81: Titanas fulmine (Juppiter), Hor. C. 3, 4, 44: quem febris una potuit tollere, Lucil. ap. Non. 406, 25: me truncus illapsus cerebro Sustulerat, nisi, etc., Hor. C. 2, 17, 28: tollet anum vitiato melle cicuta, id. S. 2, 1, 56: sorbitio tollit quem dira cicutae, Pers. 4, 2: majores nostri Carthaginem et Numantiam funditus sustulerunt, laid waste, Cic. Off. 1, 11, 35: ademptus Hector Tradidit fessis leviora tolli Pergama Graiis, Hor. C. 2, 4, 11.—In a play with I. B. supra: te dixisse, laudandum adulescentem (Caesarem), ornandum, tollendum, Brut. ap. Cic. Fam. 11, 20, 1; cf.: se non esse commissurum, ut tolli posset, id. ib. 11, 20, 1.

Milit. t. t.: tollere signa, to break up for marching, to decamp, Caes. B. C. 2, 20; Auct. B. Alex. 57, 1.

Trop., to do away with, remove; to abolish, annul, abrogate, cancel (very freq., esp. in Cic.; syn.: oblittero, aboleo): rei memoriam tollere ac delere, Cic. Quint. 21, 70; cf. metum, id. Rosc. Am. 2, 6: sublatā benevolentiā amicitiae nomen tollitur, id. Lael. 5, 19; cf.: maximum ornamentum amicitiae tollit, qui ex eā tollit verecundiam, id. ib. 22, 82: dubitationem, id. Rep. 1, 7, 12: errorem, id. ib. 1, 24, 38: librariorum menda, id. Att. 13, 23, 2: ut id nomen ex omnibus libris tollatur, id. ib. 13, 44, 3: legem, id. Leg. 2, 12, 31: veteres leges novis legibus, id.