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Lewis : Achilles

Achilles, Ăchilles, is, m., = Ἀχιλλεύς (poet., after the manner of the Gr. Nom., Achilleus, trisyl., Inscr. Grut. 669, 6.—Gen. Achillei, quadrisyl., Hor. C. 1, 15, 34; id. Epod. 17, 14; and Achilli, as Neocli, Lacydi from Neocles, Lacydes, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 9, 14; Verg. A. 3, 87; cf. Val. Prob. 1468 P.—Acc. Achillĕa, Luc. 10, 523.—Voc. Achille, Prop. 4, 11, 40.—Abl. Achilli, Ov. Pont. 3, 3, 43), the celebrated Grecian hero in the Trojan war, distinguished for strength and beauty; son of Peleus, king of Thessaly, and of Thetis, Ov. M. 12 fin. and 13 init.; Stat. Achill. al. In the fine arts, Achilles is represented with hair long and erect, like a mane, a body straight and slender, nostrils ( μυκτῆρες ) distended with courage and pride, and a physical frame throughout noble and powerful, Müll. Arch. § 413.

As an appellative, a nandsome and powerful man, Plaut. Mil. 4, 2, 63; Verg. A. 6, 89; Gell. 2, 11.—Hence, Ăchillēus, a, um, adj., Ἀχίλλειος, of or pertaining to Achilles: stirpis Achilleae fastus, Verg. A. 3, 326: manes, Ov. M. 13, 448: statuae, statues like Achilles, Plin. 34, 5, 10: cothurnus, the lofty and grave tragic style (since Achilles was a hero of the early epos and drama): Achilleo conponere verba cothurno, Prop. 3, 32, 41 (Aeschyleo, Müller).—Also, Ăchil-lĭăcus, a, um, Ven. 7, 8, 63.