Close Window

Lewis : victus

victus,² victus, ūs (ante-class. collat. form of the gen. sing. victuis, Varr. ap. Non. p. 494, 11: victi, Plaut. Capt. 4, 2, 75; also cited ap. Non. p. 484, 10), m. vivo. That upon which one lives; sustenance, nourishment, provisions, victuals: tenuis victus cultusque, Cic. Lael. 23, 86: tenuissimus, id. Fin. 2, 28, 90; id. Quint. 15, 49; id. Tusc. 5, 34, 99; id. Off. 1, 4, 12; Caes. B. G. 6, 22; 6, 23 fin.; Hor. S. 1, 1, 98; 2, 2, 53; dat. victu, Lucil. ap. Gell. 4, 16, 6; Verg. G. 4, 158.

Plur., Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 142; Cic. Fin. 5, 4, 10; Ov. M. 15, 104 al.

In jurid. lang., necessaries of life, inclusive of clothing, Dig. 50, 16, 43; 50, 16, 44.

A way of life, mode of living, with reference to the necessities of life (class.; cf. vita): in victu considerare oportet, apud quos et quo more et cujus arbitratu sit educatus, etc., Cic. Inv. 1, 25, 35: consuetudo victūs, manner of living or subsisting, Caes. B. G. 1, 31: quali igitur victu sapiens utetur? Hor. S. 2, 2, 63.—Esp., with vita: Gaius Tuditanus, omni vitā atque victu excultus atque expolitus, Cic. Brut. 25, 95: ego autem nobilium vitā victuque mutato mores mutari civitatem puto, id. Leg. 3, 14, 32: splendidus non minus in vitā quam victu, Nep. Alcib. 1, 3.