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Lewis : vincio

vincio, vincĭo, vinxi, vinctum (part. vinciturus, Petr. 45, 10), 4, v. a., to bind, to bind or wind about; to fetter, tie, fasten; to surround, encircle, etc. (class., esp. in the trop. sense; syn.: ligo, necto, constringo). Lit.: illum aput te vinctum adservato domi, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 4, 95; 4, 4, 98; Ter. And. 5, 2, 24: hunc abduce, vinci, quaere rem, id. Ad. 3, 4, 36: fratres meos in vincula conjecit. Cum igitur eos vinxerit, etc., Cic. Dejot. 7, 22: facinus est vincire civem Romanum, id. Verr. 2, 5, 66, § 170: equites Romani vincti Apronio traditi sunt, id. ib. 2, 3, 14, § 37: trinis catenis vinctus, Caes. B. G. 1, 53: post terga manus, Verg. A. 11, 81: rotas ferro, Quint. 1, 5, 8: ulmum appositis vitibus, Ov. H. 5, 47: alte suras purpureo cothurno, Verg. A. 1, 337: tempora novis floribus, Hor. C. 4, 1, 32.—In a Greek construction: boves vincti cornua vittis, Ov. M. 7, 429: anule, formosae digitum vincture puellae, about to encircle, id. Am. 2, 15, 1.

In partic. To compress, lace: demissis umeris esse, vincto pectore, ut, gracilae sient, i. e. tightly laced, Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 23.

To compass, surround, guard, mid.: Caesarem quidem aiunt acerrime dilectum habere, loca occupare, vinciri praesidiis, Cic. Att. 7, 18, 2 B. and K. (al. vincire, i. e. loca).

To make firm, harden, fix, fasten: humus vincta pruinā, Petr. 123 (but the true reading, Ov. P. 2, 2, 96, is juncta; so Sall. C. 55, 4).

Trop., to bind, fetter, confine, restrain, attach: vi Veneris vinctus, Plaut. Trin. 3, 2, 32: religione vinctus astrictusque, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 42, § 90; cf.: si turpissime se illa pars animi geret ... si vinciatur et constringatur amicorum propinquorumque custodiis, id. Tusc. 2, 21, 48.—Of sleep, etc.: nisi vinctos somno velut pecudes trucidandos tradidero, Liv. 5, 44, 7: ut somno vincta jacebas, Ov. M. 11, 238: in plaustra somno vinctos coniciunt, Tac. A. 1, 65: mentem multo Lyaeo, Prop. 3, 5 (4, 4), 21: inimica ora (magicis artibus), Ov. F. 2, 581: lectum certo foedere, Prop. 3, 20, 21 (4, 19, 11): spadonis animum stupro, Tac. A. 4, 10: esse tuam vinctam numine teste fidem, Ov. H. 20, 212: aliquem pacto matrimonio, Tac. A. 6, 45.—Of speech: membra (orationis) sunt numeris vincienda, i. e. arranged rhythmically, Cic. de Or. 3, 49, 190: verba vincta, oratio vincta (opp. soluta), Quint. 11, 2, 47; 9, 4, 19.