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Lewis : captivus

captivus, captīvus, a, um, adj. captus, capio, II. A. 1.. Of living beings. Of men, taken prisoner, captive. In gen. (rare): urbs regi, captiva corpora Romanis cessere, Liv. 31, 46, 16; cf.: vix precibus, Neptune, tuis captiva resolvit Corpora, Ov. A. A. 2, 587: multitudo captiva servorum, Liv. 7, 27, 9: mancipia, id. 32, 26, 6: Tecmessa, Hor. C. 2, 4, 6: pubes, id. ib. 3, 5, 18: matres, Ov. M. 13, 560.

Subst.: cap-tīvus, i, m., a captive in war, a captive, prisoner (freq. and class.), Cic. N. D. 3, 33, 82; id. Phil. 8, 11, 32; id. Tusc. 3, 22, 54; id. Off. 1, 12, 38; 1, 13, 39; id. Fam. 5, 11, 3; Caes. B. G. 1, 22; 1, 50; Nep. Hann. 7, 2; Quint. 5, 10, 115 al.; Verg. A. 9, 273; Hor. S. 1, 3, 89; id. Ep. 1, 16, 69; Ov. M. 13, 251; Juv. 7, 201.

captīva, ae, f.: tristis captiva, Ov. Am. 1, 7, 39; id. M. 13, 471; Curt. 6, 2, 5; 8, 4, 26; Claud. Rapt. Pros. 2, 264. — Transf., poet., that pertains or belongs to captives: sanguis, Verg. A. 10, 520: cruor, Tac. A. 14, 30: crines, Ov. Am. 1, 14, 45: lacerti, id. M. 13, 667: colla, id. P. 2, 1, 43: sitis, Mart. 11, 96, 4: bracchia, Sen. Herc. Oet. 109 al.

Of animals, caught or taken: pisces, Ov. M. 13, 932: ferae, id. ib. 1, 475: vulpes, id. F. 4, 705: crocodili, Plin. 8, 25, 38, § 93: mullus, Mart. 10, 37 al.

Of inanim. things, captured, plundered, taken as booty, spoiled, taken by force: naves, Caes. B. C. 2, 5; Liv. 26, 47, 3: navigia, id. 10, 2, 12: carpenta, id. 33, 23, 4: pecunia, id. 1, 53, 3; 10, 46, 6: aurum argentumque, id. 45, 40, 1: signa, id. 7, 37, 13: arma, id. 9, 40, 15: solum, id. 5, 30, 3: ager, id. 2, 48, 2; Tac. A. 12, 32: res, Plin. 33, 1, 3, § 7: vestis, Verg. A. 2, 765: portatur ebur, captiva Corinthus, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 193: currus, Verg. A. 7, 184: caelum, Ov. M. 1, 184 al.

Trop.: captiva mens, i.e. by love, Ov. Am. 1, 2, 30.