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How to Search

The first search box: full-text search, concordances, wordlists

Choose from the list below the search box whether you want to do a full-text search, or generate a concordance or a wordlist. Use the button "Display" or the enter key on your computer to start. Queries are always performed on the current text level (everthing, corpus, author, work). The further options are:


We use Sphinx to search the database, which makes queries very fast. The main functions are at present:

Lemmatised search

If this box is ticked, all search terms entered will be interpreted as lemmata. All of the above search options are still available. Verbs must be entered as 1st person singular forms. Example "facio ago" will find syntagmata like facit agendum. Lemmatised search is currently only available for Latin words (not Greek or Hebrew ones).

Time constrained search

Searches on all levels may be constrained to a time period. It is possible to use only one limit (ante quem or post quem). Years before Christ may be entered as e.g. -56 or 56BC. Caution: only 83% of our texts currently have a time tag. Those that do not have one (all of them in the PL), are simply omitted in time-dependent searches. By default results will be ordered chronologically (if at least one time constraint is present), but on the result page they may be re-ordered alphabetically.

POS search

It is possible to search lemmata AND parts of speech in their vicinity. Examples of the syntax:

The following part of speech abbreviations are in use: ESSE:IND; ESSE:SUB; ESSE:INF; V:IND; V:SUB; V:INF; V:GER; V:GED; V:PTC:nom; V:PTC:acc; V:PTC:abl; V:PTC; V:SUP:acc; V:SUP:abl; V:IMP; PRON; PRON:DEM; PRON:POSS; PRON:REL; PRON:INDEF; PRON:DET; N:nom; N:dat; N:gen; N:loc; N:acc; N:abl; N:voc; ADJ:NUM; CONJ:C; CONJ:S; N:PR; ADJ; ADJ:COM; ADJ:SUP; ADJ:abl; ADV; PREP; INTER; ABBR. Their use is case insensitive. The parts before and after ":" may be used together (lucror!V:ind~2) or alone (lucror!ind~2). Note that V and ESSE are mutually exclusive, i.e. ESSE is not treated as a normal verb. Tagging errors must be expected, results should always be checked manually! These searches take longer than usual. Add p (after numbers) or -p (after letters) to see an output including the POS tagging of the search result. E.g. anima!dat-p.

This POS feature is only in a β state.


Concordances work for single words. The wildcard * can be used at the end of the search term (e.g. matr*). * here has the meaning 'no or any number of characters'. No spaces are allowed in the search term.


The search term (e. g. 'ama') produces a list of all words beginning with the search term ('amabilis', 'amandas', 'amant' etc.) and their number of occurrences. Wildcards are not allowed. Words that occur only once in the entire database are likely to be spelling mistakes.

The second search box "Dictionary display"

This box can be used to look up a Latin or Greek (UTF8) word in all the dictionaries used in the CC. This function does the same thing like clicking a word in a text, but for a manually entered word.

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